Acute lymphoblastic leukemia with an unusual t(8;14)(q11.2;q32): a Pediatric Oncology Group Study.

Kaleem Z, Shuster JJ, Carroll AJ, Borowitz MJ, Pullen DJ, Camitta BM, Zutter MM, Watson MS
Leukemia. 2000 14 (2): 238-40

PMID: 10673739 · DOI:10.1038/sj.leu.2401675

We present the clinicopathologic findings and survival data on 10 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and a rare t(8;14)(q11.2;q32). There were five male and five female patients, nine Caucasians and one Black, aged 4-17 (median 10.9) years. Three had Down syndrome. Eight (80%) patients had a white blood cell (WBC) count <50 x 109/l at presentation. No patient had central nervous system involvement or a mediastinal mass. Two patients had concurrent splenomegaly and hepatomegaly. Adenopathy was absent in four, minimal in three, moderate in one and prominent in two patients. All eight cases where immunophenotyping was performed by flow cytometry showed a B-precursor phenotype with expression of CD10 (CALLA). Only one case exhibited t(8;14)(q11.2;q32) as the sole karyotypic abnormality. Three patients were classified as standard-risk and seven high-risk by NCI (National Cancer Institute) consensus risk group categories. All patients achieved complete remission and seven patients were in complete continuous remission (CCR) after chemotherapy designed for B-precursor ALL. Three patients relapsed after 23.5, 31.3 and 32.1 months of EFS; the first patient also had t(9;22)(q34;q11), the second had a WBC count of 126 x 109/l at presentation while the third patient had no high risk features except for age 10 years. Thus, from our data, the t(8;14)(q11.2;q32) does not appear to confer an increased risk of relapse. Further observations are needed to confirm this conclusion.

MeSH Terms (16)

Adolescent Child Child, Preschool Chromosome Aberrations Chromosome Disorders Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8 Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14 Down Syndrome Female Humans Karyotyping Male Phenotype Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma Translocation, Genetic United States

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