A genome-wide screen for loci influencing positive skin prick tests (SPT) to airborne allergens was conducted in the Hutterites, a founder population of European ancestry. Positive SPT to 14 standardized allergens was measured in 370 subjects in our primary sample and 324 subjects in a replication sample. Evidence for linkage to positive SPT was assessed using the transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) with 337 autosomal markers (average spacing 9.13 cM, SD = 7.8 cM). Three loci showed the strongest overall evidence of linkage to atopy, with at least one allele-specific and a locus-specific p< 1 x 10(-4). This study provides evidence for at least three atopy-susceptibility loci in the Hutterites on chromosomes 1, 6 and 16.