Reduction of the antigenicity of factor VIII toward complex inhibitory antibody plasmas using multiply-substituted hybrid human/porcine factor VIII molecules.

Barrow RT, Healey JF, Gailani D, Scandella D, Lollar P
Blood. 2000 95 (2): 564-8

PMID: 10627463

Factor VIII (fVIII) circulates as a heavy chain/light chain (A1-A2-B/ap-A3-C1-C2) heterodimer. The 41-residue light chain activation peptide, ap, is cleaved from fVIII during proteolytic activation by thrombin or factor Xa. We constructed 7 active recombinant hybrid B-domainless human/porcine fVIII molecules that contained combinations of porcine sequence replacements within the A2, ap-A3, and C2 domains. The cross-reactivity of 23 high-titer inhibitory antibodies between human fVIII and the hybrids was inversely related to the degree of porcine substitution. In all plasmas, the substitution of all 3 regions yielded cross-reactivities that were not significantly different from those of porcine fVIII. To differentiate between inhibitor binding to the ap region and the A3 domain, we constructed 2 additional hybrids that contained porcine A2 and C2 domain substitutions and either porcine A3 or porcine ap substitutions. The porcine ap segment was less antigenic than the human ap segment in several plasmas that had activity against the ap-A3 region. This indicates that some inhibitor plasmas contain antibodies directed against the fVIII ap segment in addition to A2, A3, and C2 domain epitopes identified in previous studies. Substitution of porcine sequences within the A2, A3, C2, and ap regions of human fVIII is necessary and sufficient to achieve a maximal reduction in antigenicity relative to porcine fVIII with respect to most inhibitory antibody plasmas. (Blood. 2000;95:564-568)

MeSH Terms (13)

Animals Cross Reactions Dimerization Factor VIII Factor Xa Hemophilia A Humans Macromolecular Substances Protein Multimerization Recombinant Proteins Reference Values Swine Thrombin

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