Sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1 as a key transcription factor for nutritional induction of lipogenic enzyme genes.

Shimano H, Yahagi N, Amemiya-Kudo M, Hasty AH, Osuga J, Tamura Y, Shionoiri F, Iizuka Y, Ohashi K, Harada K, Gotoda T, Ishibashi S, Yamada N
J Biol Chem. 1999 274 (50): 35832-9

PMID: 10585467 · DOI:10.1074/jbc.274.50.35832

To elucidate the physiological role of sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1 (SREBP-1), the hepatic mRNA levels of genes encoding various lipogenic enzymes were estimated in SREBP-1 gene knockout mice after a fasting-refeeding treatment, which is an established dietary manipulation for the induction of lipogenic enzymes. In the fasted state, the mRNA levels of all lipogenic enzymes were consistently low in both wild-type and SREBP-1(-/-) mice. However, the absence of SREBP-1 severely impaired the marked induction of hepatic mRNAs of fatty acid synthetic genes, such as acetyl-CoA carboxylase, fatty acid synthase, and stearoyl-CoA desaturase, that was observed upon refeeding in the wild-type mice. Furthermore, the refeeding responses of other lipogenic enzymes, glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase, ATP citrate lyase, malic enzyme, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, and S14 mRNAs, were completely abolished in SREBP-1(-/-) mice. In contrast, mRNA levels for cholesterol biosynthetic genes were elevated in the refed SREBP-1(-/-) livers accompanied by an increase in nuclear SREBP-2 protein. When fed a high carbohydrate diet for 14 days, the mRNA levels for these lipogenic enzymes were also strikingly lower in SREBP-1(-/-) mice than those in wild-type mice. These data demonstrate that SREBP-1 plays a crucial role in the induction of lipogenesis but not cholesterol biosynthesis in liver when excess energy by carbohydrates is consumed.

MeSH Terms (27)

Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena Animals CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins Cholesterol Diet DNA-Binding Proteins Eating Enzyme Induction Fasting Fatty Acids, Nonesterified Fatty Acid Synthases Female Gene Expression Regulation Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Synthase Hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA Reductases Liver Mice Mice, Knockout Nuclear Proteins RNA, Messenger Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1 Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 2 Transcription Factors Triglycerides

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