Developmental assembly of the renal microvasculature requires spatially and temporally coordinated migration, assembly, differentiation, and maturation of endothelial cells in the context of adjacent epithelial and mesangial cells. In this study, endothelial expression and distribution of the receptor tyrosine phosphatase ECRTP/DEP-1 were evaluated during and after developmental assembly of the renal microvasculature. Monoclonal antibodies against ECRTP/DEP-1 ectodomain epitopes localize its expression to membrane surfaces of endothelial cells in glomerular, peritubular capillary, and arterial renal sites of mature human and murine kidney. During kidney development, ECRTP/DEP-1 immunostaining is evident on a subpopulation of metanephric mesenchymal cells and on putative progenitors of glomerular capillary endothelial cells early in their recruitment to developing glomeruli. ECRTP/DEP-1 is prominently displayed on luminal membrane surfaces with punctate accumulations at inter-endothelial contacts that overlap with vascular endothelial-cadherin staining. ECRTP/DEP-1 is recruited to inter-endothelial contacts in confluent cultured human renal and dermal microvascular endothelial cells, yet experimental dissociation of vascular endothelial-cadherin from endothelial junctional complexes fails to redistribute ECRTP/DEP-1. These findings indicate that ECRTP/DEP-1 is expressed in anticipation of glomerular capillary endothelial recruitment during development, and suggest that ECRTP/DEP-1 ectodomain interacts with endothelial surface ligands that are engaged by cell-cell contact.