The isoprostanes: novel prostaglandin-like products of the free radical-catalyzed peroxidation of arachidonic acid.

Liu T, Stern A, Roberts LJ, Morrow JD
J Biomed Sci. 1999 6 (4): 226-35

PMID: 10420080 · DOI:10.1007/BF02253564

The isoprostanes (IsoPs) are a unique series of prostaglandin-like compounds formed in vivo from the free radical-catalyzed peroxidation of arachidonic acid. This review summarizes our current knowledge regarding these compounds. Novel aspects of the biochemistry and bioactivity of IsoPs are detailed and methods by which these compounds are analyzed are discussed. A considerable portion of this review deals with the utility of measuring IsoPs as markers of oxidant injury in human diseases particularly in association with risk factors that predispose to atherosclerosis, a condition in which excessive oxidative stress has been causally implicated.

MeSH Terms (16)

Animals Arachidonic Acid Arteriosclerosis Chemistry Techniques, Analytical Diabetes Mellitus Free Radicals Homocysteine Humans Hypercholesterolemia Isomerism Lipid Peroxidation Oxidative Stress Prostaglandins Prostanoic Acids Smoking Thromboxanes

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