HIV/AIDS in Bangladesh: an assessment of biomedical risk factors for transmission.

Gibney L, Choudhury P, Khawaja Z, Sarker M, Islam N, Vermund SH
Int J STD AIDS. 1999 10 (5): 338-46

PMID: 10361927

Behavioural risk factors for HIV/AIDS in Bangladesh were reviewed in a preceding article in this journal. Omitted from that review was a discussion of potential biomedical risk factors including: (i) an unregulated blood supply system in which blood used in transfusions is not screened for HIV and is donated primarily by professional donors: (ii) unsterile injections in non-formal and formal health-care settings; and (iii) a high prevalence in high-risk groups of other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) which may function as co-factors for HIV transmission, particularly if chronically untreated. Studies elsewhere in the world suggest that the unregulated blood supply system, in particular, poses a serious danger in terms of the spread of the HIV epidemic. While certain socio-cultural factors may be contributing to low levels of HIV in Bangladesh, the prevalence of biomedical and behavioural risk factors suggest the importance of implementing targeted cost-effective interventions now.

MeSH Terms (12)

Bangladesh Blood Banks Female HIV Infections HIV Seroprevalence Humans Male Prevalence Risk Factors Sexually Transmitted Diseases Socioeconomic Factors Transfusion Reaction

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