The publication data currently available has been vetted by Vanderbilt faculty, staff, administrators and trainees. The data itself is retrieved directly from NCBI's PubMed and is automatically updated on a weekly basis to ensure accuracy and completeness.
If you have any questions or comments, please contact us.
Cell adhesion molecules have been suggested to function as tumor suppressor molecules. We have been studying one of the epithelial cell adhesion molecules (C-CAM), which belongs to the immunoglobulin gene superfamily. Transfection of a C-CAM cDNA expression vector into a highly tumorigenic human prostate cancer cell line (PC-3) suppresses tumor formation in nude mice. Alternatively, reducing C-CAM expression levels in the nontumorigenic rat prostate epithelial cell line NbE by the antisense expression vector markedly increases tumorigenicity of NbE cells in nude mice. These results suggest that C-CAM may be a tumor suppressor in prostate cancer. In this study, we examined the relationship between C-CAM expression during human prostate development and neoplastic progression by immunohistochemical staining of frozen sections. C-CAM predominantly localized on the plasma membrane of the basal cell layer in both the fetal and normal adult prostate gland. However, an overall decreased staining was seen in benign prostatic hyperplasia and high grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia. Furthermore, C-CAM was not detected in prostate carcinomas. Thus, a decrease in C-CAM expression may be an early event in hyperplastic/neoplastic transformation. These observations support the suggestion that C-CAM is a tumor suppressor in prostate cancer progression.
Piroxantrone is one of the anthrapyrazoles developed in an effort to combine the broad antitumor activity of the anthracyclines with decreased myocardial toxicity. It has shown activity in metastatic melanoma during phase I trials. The Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) conducted a phase II trial in disseminated malignant melanoma with piroxantrone administered at 150 mg/m2 intravenously over 1 h every 21 days, based upon the phase I experience. Forty-six eligible patients were registered to the trial and 44 were evaluable for response. Two partial responses, Wayne of 6 and 9 months duration were observed for an overall response rate of 5% (95% confidence interval 1%-15%). Thirty-six of 46 eligible patients have died with an estimated median survival of 5 months (95% confidence interval 3-8 months). Toxicities were tolerable with granulocytopenia being the predominant toxicity. Based upon the observed response rate, it is concluded that piroxantrone administered at this dose and schedule has detectable but minimal activity, and does not warrant further investigation in this disease.
In a 30 year period at Vanderbilt University Hospital, the affiliated Nashville General Hospital and the Nashville Veterans Administration Hospital, 64 patients with pheochromocytoma have been observed. In eight of these, the tumor proved to be malignant. Retrospective review of biologic characteristics of pheochromocytomas in this series included clinical, diagnostic imaging, chemical and histopathologic data. Aside from presence of distant metastases, none of these features had predictive value in indicating the biologic malignant nature of the primary tumor. One patient has been cured by radical surgical resection for 16 years. Three others have died with metastatic tumor and three patients are alive with metastatic tumor.
Because alpha-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) reduces the incidence of experimental colon cancers, inhibits the growth of human lung cancer cells and human leukemia cells in culture, and in combination with methylglyoxal (bis)guanylhydrazone induces remission in children with leukemia, its effectiveness against a human colon adenocarcinoma cell line (Colo 205) was tested alone and in combination with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). Both DFMO (2 X 10(-4) M) and 5-FU (10(-6) M) inhibited Colo 205 cell proliferation. Above 5 X 10(-4) M DFMO (p less than 0.001) and at 10(-4) M 5-FU (p less than 0.001), Colo 205 growth was completely inhibited. Although DFMO did not sensitize Colo 205 cells to a noninhibitory concentration of 5-FU, the effectiveness of inhibitory concentrations of 5-FU and DFMO in reducing Colo 205 cell growth was additive. DFMO (2 X 10(-4) M) caused 89 to 93% inhibition of ornithine decarboxylase activity (p less than 0.001) and reduced levels of putrescine (93%; p less than 0.01) and spermidine (57%; p less than 0.02). Growth rate and the intracellular putrescine and spermidine contents were restored by 10(-6) M putrescine. DFMO could be an effective chemotherapeutic agent against human colonic cancer because of its effects at such unusually low concentrations in vitro.