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The anti-H-2 alloantiserum D-32 [(B10.A(2R) x C3H.SW) anti-C3H] is cytolytic to human lymphocytes. Fab2 blocking assays, indirect immunoprecipitation and sequential immunoprecipitation experiments showed that the anti-H-2 alloantiserum D-32 recognizes antigenic determinants which are expressed on the heavy chain of subpopulations of HLA-A, B antigens. These determinants are different from those defining the serological polymorphism of the HLA-A, B, C system, are the same as or spatially close to those recognized by the anti-HLA-A, B monoclonal antibody Q6/64 and are expressed on rabbit, rat or guinea pig lymphocytes.
Serological and immunochemical assays have shown that the monoclonal antibody Q1/28 recognizes an antigenic determinant which is expressed on the heavy chain of subsets of HLA-A, B antigens and is distinct from those defining the serological polymorphism of this system. Association of the HLA-A, B heavy chain with beta 2-microglobulin is not required for expression of the antigenic determinant recognized by the monoclonal antibody Q1/28, since this antibody can immunoprecipitate a 45 000 m.w. component from radiolabeled lymphoid-cell glycoproteins immunodepleted with either an anti-human beta 2-microglobulin xenoantiserum or the MoAb W6/32 to framework determinants of HLA-A, B, C antigens. Furthermore, the MoAb Q1/28 can immunoprecipitate a 45 000 m.w. component from an NP40 lysate of radiolabeled Daudi cells, which lack the genetic information for beta 2-microglobulin. The determinant recognized by the MoAb Q1/28 is relatively resistant to denaturing treatments and does not appear to be carbohydrate in nature. The MoAb Q1/28 is the first example of an antibody which recognizes an antigenic determinant expressed on both the beta 2-microglobulin-associated and free HLA-A, B heavy chains.
The distribution of antigenic determinants recognized by the anti-Ia-like antigen monoclonal antibodies (MoAb) Q2/70, Q5/6 and Q5/13 on molecules coded for by the DR locus and by non-DR loci was investigated using a binding assay with 125I-labeled Ia-like antigens isolated from four B lymphoid cell lines. The determinants reacting with the MoAb Q2/70 and Q5/13 are expressed on all DR alloantigens tested and on BR4X7 specificities, while those reacting with the MoAb Q5/6 are not detectable on DRw7 and BR4X7 molecules. None of the monoclonal antibodies reacted with DC1 molecules. The MoAb Q5/6 and Q5/13 reacted with the isolated beta subunit of the Ia-like antigenic complex, while the MoAb Q2/70 did not react with the isolated chains.
Serologic and immunochemical assays showed that the monoclonal antibodies Q2/70, Q2/80, Q5/6, and Q5/13 react with human Ia-like antigens. Each monoclonal antibody recognizes distinct antigenic determinants that are different from those defining the serologic polymorphism of Ia-like antigens defined by conventional alloantisera and are expressed on subpopulations of Ia-like antigens. The determinants recognized by the MoAb Q2/70 and Q5/13 are expressed on all HLA-DR allospecificities tested, whereas those reacting with the MoAb Q2/80 and Q5/6 are not detectable on HLA-DR5 and HLA-DR7 allospecificities, respectively.
Hybridomas derived from the fusion of murine myeloma cells with splenocytes from mice immunized with human cultured lymphoid cells secreted monoclonal antibodies to human cell surface antigens. Serologic and immunochemical assays showed that 4 monoclonal antibodies (Ab Q2/47, Q2/61, Q2/70, Q2/80) recognize framework determinants of Ia-like antigens and 1 monoclonal antibody (Ab Q1/28) reacts with determinants expressed on the heavy chain of HLA-A,B antigens. Both anti-HLA-A,B and anti-Ia-like antigen monoclonal antibodies caused complement-dependent inhibition of granulocyte-macrophage colony formation by human bone marrow grown in soft agar. Mixing experiments excluded the possibility of an indirect effect on progenitor cells by lysis of auxiliary cells. These results indicate that human myeloid progenitor cells express HLA-A,B and Ia-like antigens.
Serologic and immunochemical asays have shown that the monoclonal antibody Q5/13 recognizes an antigenic determinant expressed on a subset of human Ia-like antigens. Testing with a panel of HLA typed B lymphoid cells has shown that this determinant is different from those defining the serologic polymorphism of HLA-DR antigens. The monoclonal antibody Q5/13 has been used to purify subsets of human Ia-like antigens, which are immunologically functional. These reagents should facilitate the characterization of structural and functional properties of human Ia-like antigens.
A monoclonal antibody (A3.3) has been generated against human platelet fibronectin (FN). A3.3 reacts with human plasma FN but with no other plasma proteins. A3.3 was found to inhibit thrombin- or ionophore A23187-stimulated aggregation of gel-filtered platelets in a concentration-dependent manner in both an aggregometer assay and a sensitive well plate aggregation assay. The antibody does not block secretion of serotonin. Four other anti-FN monoclonal antibodies that recognize different epitopes on FN than A3.3 does have no effect on platelet aggregation. A3.3 does not block the adhesion of CHO cells to FN-coated surfaces, indicating that it does not bind to the identified cell-binding domain of FN. A3.3 reacts with a 160/140-kDa doublet, known to contain the cell-binding domain, that is produced by digestion of FN with elastase or thermolysin. However, the antibody does not react with lower molecular weight species that also contain the cell-binding domain or with any of the other identified domains of FN. The A3.3 epitope is extremely protease sensitive and the smallest fragment found in any digest that retains reactivity with A3.3 is a 70-kDa peptide produced in low yield by mild thermolytic cleavage of FN. These data suggest that A3.3 defines a functional site present on both the platelet and plasma FN molecule that has a direct role in platelet aggregation.
A monoclonal antibody (C6.7) has been generated against the calcium-replete form of human platelet thrombospondin (TSP). C6.7 is specific for TSP as determined by both competitive radioimmunoassay and immunoprecipitation. This antibody inhibits both thrombin- and A23187-induced aggregation of gel-filtered platelets in a concentration-dependent manner without affecting the secretion of serotonin. The epitope on TSP recognized by C6.7 has been localized to an 18-kDa fragment that is present in mild chymotryptic digests of TSP. This fragment is disulfide-linked to a 120- to 140-kDa fragment in unreduced digests, and both reduction and denaturation are required to separate the 18-kDa peptide from the larger fragments. A 25-kDa heparin binding domain is also present in the chymotryptic digest. However, the 18-kDa peptide is distinct from the heparin binding domain. The amino acid sequence at the NH2 terminus of the 18-kDa fragment is Asp-Thr-Asn-Pro-Thr-Arg-Ala-Gln-Gly-Tyr-.