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In an analysis of Helicobacter pylori genomic DNA by macroarray methodology, genomic DNA from a panel of cag pathogenicity island (PAI)-negative H. pylori clinical isolates failed to hybridize with 27 genes located outside the cag PAI in a cag PAI-positive reference strain. PCR analyses confirmed that HP0217 (encoding a lipopolysaccharide biosynthetic protein) and HP1079 (encoding a protein of unknown function) were present significantly more frequently in cagA-positive strains than in cagA-negative strains. A low G+C content of these two genes suggests they were acquired by horizontal transfer events.