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One hundred fifty-two patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer were randomized to receive treatment with one of three cis-platin-containing chemotherapy regimens: vindesine/cis-platin, etoposide/cis-platin, or vindesine/etoposide/cis-platin. Following an 8-week induction course of treatment, patients were evaluated for response; responders continued to receive monthly chemotherapy. All patients were followed until death. Response rates for the three regimens were 10%, 6%, and 24%, respectively; the cis-platin/vindesine/etoposide regimen produced more responses than did either cis-platin/etoposide or cis-platin/vindesine (p less than 0.05). However, median survival was not improved with the three-drug regimen, and myelosuppression produced by this regimen was worse. The 20-week median survival for the entire group suggests that these treatments had no impact on survival. None of these regimens can be recommended for routine treatment of patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. The addition of vindesine did not make a significant impact in response rate or overall survival in this study.
Between 1982 and 1987, 139 patients with primary carcinoma of the lung were treated with pneumonectomy. Thirty-nine patients (28%) were in clinical stage I, 10 (7%) were in clinical stage II, and 90 (65%) were in clinical stage III. Overall actuarial 3-year survival was 33%. Actuarial 3-year survival for patients in clinical stage I was 44%; for those in clinical stage II, 48%; and for those in clinical stage III, 28%. Risk factors for operative mortality examined included preoperative forced vital capacity (FVC) of 2.13 L or less and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) of 1.65 L or less, percent predicted FVC of 64% or less and FEV1 of 65% or less, predicted postoperative FVC of 1.31 L or less and FEV1 of 0.89 L or less, and predicted postoperative percent predicted FVC of 41% or less and FEV1 of 34% or less. Operative deaths occurred only in clinical stage III patients (7/90 or 8%). Patients with compromised pulmonary function based on one or more of the examined risk factors were at increased risk for death (2/10) compared with patients with better pulmonary function (5/80 or 6.25%). Actuarial 3-year survival for high-risk clinical stage III patients ranged from 0% to 16% compared with 28% for other clinical stage III patients. Thirty-day mortality for pathological stage III patients was 6.3% (5/79), and 3-year actuarial survival was 24%. No patient in pathological stage III who was at high risk survived beyond 3.1 years. Select individuals with adequate pulmonary function and stage III disease can achieve substantial long-term survival after pneumonectomy.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)