The publication data currently available has been vetted by Vanderbilt faculty, staff, administrators and trainees. The data itself is retrieved directly from NCBI's PubMed and is automatically updated on a weekly basis to ensure accuracy and completeness.
If you have any questions or comments, please contact us.
The S1 gene nucleotide sequences of 10 type 3 (T3) reovirus strains were determined and compared with the T3 prototype Dearing strain in order to study sequence diversity in strains of a single reovirus serotype and to learn more about structure-function relationships of the two S1 translation products, sigma 1 and sigma 1s. Analysis of phylogenetic trees constructed from variation in the sigma 1-encoding S1 nucleotide sequences indicated that there is no pattern of S1 gene relatedness in these strains based on host species, geographic site, or date of isolation. This suggests that reovirus strains are transmitted rapidly between host species and that T3 strains with markedly different S1 sequences circulate simultaneously. Comparison of the deduced sigma 1 amino acid sequences of the 11 T3 strains was notable for the identification of conserved and variable regions of sequence that correlate with the proposed domain organization of sigma 1 (M.L. Nibert, T.S. Dermody, and B. N. Fields, J. Virol. 64:2976-2989, 1990). Repeat patterns of apolar residues thought to be important for sigma 1 structure were conserved in all strains examined. The deduced sigma 1s amino acid sequences of the strains were more heterogeneous than the sigma 1 sequences; however, a cluster of basic residues near the amino terminus of sigma 1s was conserved. This analysis has allowed us to investigate molecular epidemiology of T3 reovirus strains and to identify conserved and variable sequence motifs in the S1 translation products, sigma 1 or sigma 1s.
This report describes a model for the structure of the reovirus cell-attachment protein sigma 1. S1 gene nucleotide sequences were determined for prototype strains of the three serotypes of mammalian reoviruses. Deduced amino acid sequences of the S1-encoded sigma 1 proteins were then compared in order to identify conserved features of these sequences. Discrete regions in the amino-terminal two-thirds of sigma 1 sequence share characteristics with the fibrous domains of other cellular and viral proteins. Most of the amino-terminal one-third of sigma 1 sequence is predicted to form an alpha-helical coiled coil like that of myosin. The middle one-third of sigma 1 sequence appears more heterogeneous; it is predicted to form a large region of beta-sheet that is followed by a region which contains two short alpha-helical coiled coils separated by a smaller region of beta-sheet. The two beta-sheet regions are each proposed to form a cross-beta sandwich like that suggested for the rod domain of the adenovirus fiber protein (N. M. Green, N. G. Wrigley, W. C. Russell, S. R. Martin, and A. D. McLachlan, EMBO J. 2:1357-1365, 1983). The remaining carboxy-terminal one-third of sigma 1 sequence is predicted to form a structurally complex globular domain. A model is suggested in which the discrete regions of sigma 1 sequence are ascribed to morphologic regions seen in computer-processed electron micrographic images of the protein (R. D. B. Fraser, D. B. Furlong, B. L. Trus, M. L. Nibert, B. N. Fields, and A. C. Steven, J. Virol. 64:2990-3000, 1990.
The S2 gene nucleotide sequences of prototype strains of the three reovirus serotypes were determined to gain insight into the structure and function of the S2 translation product, virion core protein sigma 2. The S2 sequences of the type 1 Lang, type 2 Jones, and type 3 Dearing strains are 1,331 nucleotides in length and contain a single large open reading frame that could encode a protein of 418 amino acids, corresponding to sigma 2. The deduced sigma 2 amino acid sequences of these strains are very conserved, being identical at 94% of the sequence positions. Predictions of sigma 2 secondary structure and hydrophobicity suggest that the protein has a two-domain structure. A larger domain is suggested to be formed from the amino-terminal three-fourths of sigma 2 sequence, which is separated from a smaller carboxy-terminal domain by a turn-rich hinge region. The carboxy-terminal domain includes sequences that are more hydrophilic than those in the rest of the protein and contains sequences which are predicted to form an alpha-helix. A region of striking similarity was found between amino acids 354 and 374 of sigma 2 and amino acids 1008 and 1031 of the beta subunit of the Escherichia coli DNA-dependent RNA polymerase. We suggest that the regions with similar sequence in sigma 2 and the beta subunit form amphipathic alpha-helices which may play a related role in the function of each protein. We have also performed experiments to further characterize the double-stranded RNA-binding activity of sigma 2 and found that the capacity to bind double-stranded RNA is a property of the sigma 2 protein of prototype strains and of the S2 mutant tsC447.