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Relationship between physical inactivity and health characteristics among participants in an employee-wellness program.
Birdee GS, Byrne DW, McGown PW, Rothman RL, Rolando LA, Holmes MC, Yarbrough MI
(2013) J Occup Environ Med 55: 514-9
MeSH Terms: Absenteeism, Adolescent, Adult, Age Factors, Attitude to Health, Cardiovascular Diseases, Community Participation, Female, Health Behavior, Health Promotion, Health Status, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Motor Activity, Obesity, Occupational Health, Sedentary Behavior, Sex Factors, Surveys and Questionnaires, Young Adult
Show Abstract · Added December 10, 2013
OBJECTIVE - To characterize factors associated with physical inactivity among employees with access to workplace wellness program.
METHODS - We examined data on physical inactivity, defined as exercise less than once a week, from the 2010 health risk assessment completed by employees at a major academic institution (N = 16,976).
RESULTS - Among employees, 18% of individuals reported physical activity less than once a week. Individuals who were physically inactive as compared with physically active reported higher prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 1.36 [1.23 to 1.51]), fair or poor health status (AOR, 3.52 [2.97 to 4.17]), and absenteeism from work (AOR, 1.59 [1.41 to 1.79]). Overall, physically inactive employees as compared with physically active employees reported more interest in health education programs.
CONCLUSION - Future research is needed to address barriers to physical inactivity to improve employee wellness and potentially lower health utility costs.
0 Communities
2 Members
0 Resources
21 MeSH Terms
Health risk behaviors and work injury among hispanic adolescents and farmworkers.
Vela Acosta MS, Sanderson M, Cooper SP, PĂ©rez A, Roberts RE
(2007) J Agric Saf Health 13: 117-36
MeSH Terms: Accidents, Occupational, Adolescent, Adolescent Behavior, Agriculture, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Hispanic Americans, Humans, Male, Occupational Health, Risk-Taking, Rural Population, Students, Texas, Transients and Migrants
Show Abstract · Added March 11, 2014
Adolescents may engage in health risk behaviors that increase their likelihood of injury. Employment places adolescents at risk of work-related injuries. This study responds to the paucity of data on the relationship between adolescent health risk behaviors and work-related injury. This cross-sectional study included the administration of anonymous surveys to ninth graders (n=4914) who attended high schools in south Texas. An aggregate risk score (ARS) was developed based on health risk behaviors. The ARS was analyzed as an outcome using linear regression. Associations between health risk behaviors and work-related injury were assessed with logistic regression. Of the respondents, 19% reported they had a job, and 14% reported that they had been employed in farmwork. Farmwork-related injury was reported by 9% of adolescents, and 12% reported other work-related injury. Mean ARS scores were significantly higher (p < 0.05) for both male and female adolescents who reported a work-related injury compared to nonworking adolescents, and for males who had done migrant farmwork compared to all other adolescent males. The ARS increased as hours worked per week increased. After controlling for confounding factors, a statistically significant association was found between ARS and non-farmwork, work-related injury, but not between ARS and farmwork-related injury. Farmworkers with high ARS were more likely to report non-farmwork, work-related injuries. The predictors of work-related injury in the adolescent groups, particularly for farmworkers and migrants who are under additional stress, remain an important occupational health area to be addressed.
0 Communities
1 Members
0 Resources
15 MeSH Terms
Self-reported cardiac risk factors in emergency department nurses and paramedics.
Barrett TW, Norton VC, Busam M, Boyd J, Maron DJ, Slovis CM
(2000) Prehosp Disaster Med 15: 14-7
MeSH Terms: Adult, Attitude of Health Personnel, Emergency Medical Technicians, Emergency Service, Hospital, Female, Health Surveys, Heart Diseases, Humans, Hypercholesterolemia, Hypertension, Male, Middle Aged, Nursing Staff, Hospital, Obesity, Occupational Health, Prevalence, Risk Assessment, Risk Reduction Behavior, Smoking, Tennessee
Show Abstract · Added January 20, 2015
STUDY OBJECTIVE - Our objective was to assess the prevalence of cardiac risk factors in a sample of urban paramedics and emergency department (ED) nurses.
METHODS - We asked 175 paramedics and ED nurses working at a busy, urban ED to complete a cardiovascular risk assessment. The survey asked subjects to report smoking history, diet, exercise habits, weight, stress levels, medication use, history of hypertension or cardiac disease, family history of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and cholesterol level (if known).
RESULTS - 129 of 175 surveys were returned (74% return rate) by 85 paramedics and 44 nurses. The percentages of paramedics and nurses at high or very high risk for cardiac disease were 48% and 41%, respectively. Forty-one percent of female respondents and 46% of male respondents were at high or very high risk. Cigarette smoking was reported in 19% of the paramedics and 14% of the nurses. The percentages of paramedics and nurses who reported hypertension were 13% and 11%, respectively. High cholesterol was reported in 31% of paramedics and 16% of nurses.
CONCLUSIONS - Forty-eight percent of paramedics and 41% of ED nurses at this center are at high or very high risk for cardiovascular disease, by self-report. Efforts should be made to better educate and intervene in this population of health-care providers in order to reduce their cardiac risk.
0 Communities
1 Members
0 Resources
20 MeSH Terms
Work-related post-traumatic stress disorder: use of exposure therapy in work-simulation activities.
Phillips ME, Bruehl S, Harden RN
(1997) Am J Occup Ther 51: 696-700
MeSH Terms: Adult, Humans, Male, Occupational Health, Occupational Therapy, Pain Management, Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic, Stress, Psychological, Treatment Outcome, Workplace, Wounds and Injuries
Added March 5, 2014
0 Communities
1 Members
0 Resources
11 MeSH Terms
Key issues in intervention research: a program evaluation perspective.
Lipsey MW
(1996) Am J Ind Med 29: 298-302
MeSH Terms: Causality, Humans, Models, Statistical, Occupational Health, Outcome Assessment, Health Care, Program Evaluation, Research, Research Design, Social Sciences
Show Abstract · Added May 19, 2014
Over the last two decades, theory and practice in the field of program evaluation have generated a rich array of concepts and methods for research on the effectiveness of social programs. This paper attempts to summarize the lessons from program evaluation research that might usefully inform intervention research in occupational health and safety.
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1 Members
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9 MeSH Terms