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Hyperoxia Injury in the Developing Lung Is Mediated by Mesenchymal Expression of Wnt5A.
Sucre JMS, Vickers KC, Benjamin JT, Plosa EJ, Jetter CS, Cutrone A, Ransom M, Anderson Z, Sheng Q, Fensterheim BA, Ambalavanan N, Millis B, Lee E, Zijlstra A, Königshoff M, Blackwell TS, Guttentag SH
(2020) Am J Respir Crit Care Med 201: 1249-1262
MeSH Terms: Alveolar Epithelial Cells, Animals, Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia, Coculture Techniques, Fibroblasts, Gene Expression Profiling, Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental, Humans, Hyperoxia, In Situ Hybridization, Lung, Mesenchymal Stem Cells, Mice, Microscopy, Confocal, NF-kappa B, Nitriles, Organ Culture Techniques, Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction, Sulfones, Wnt-5a Protein
Show Abstract · Added February 6, 2020
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a leading complication of preterm birth that affects infants born in the saccular stage of lung development at <32 weeks of gestation. Although the mechanisms driving BPD remain uncertain, exposure to hyperoxia is thought to contribute to disease pathogenesis. To determine the effects of hyperoxia on epithelial-mesenchymal interactions and to define the mediators of activated Wnt/β-catenin signaling after hyperoxia injury. Three hyperoxia models were used: A three-dimensional organotypic coculture using primary human lung cells, precision-cut lung slices (PCLS), and a murine hyperoxia model. Comparisons of normoxia- and hyperoxia-exposed samples were made by real-time quantitative PCR, RNA hybridization, quantitative confocal microscopy, and lung morphometry. Examination of an array of Wnt ligands in the three-dimensional organotypic coculture revealed increased mesenchymal expression of . Inhibition of Wnt5A abrogated the BPD transcriptomic phenotype induced by hyperoxia. In the PCLS model, Wnt5A inhibition improved alveolarization following hyperoxia exposure, and treatment with recombinant Wnt5a reproduced features of the BPD phenotype in PCLS cultured in normoxic conditions. Chemical inhibition of NF-κB with BAY11-7082 reduced expression in the PCLS hyperoxia model and mouse hyperoxia model, with improved alveolarization in the PCLS model. Increased mesenchymal Wnt5A during saccular-stage hyperoxia injury contributes to the impaired alveolarization and septal thickening observed in BPD. Precise targeting of Wnt5A may represent a potential therapeutic strategy for the treatment of BPD.
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20 MeSH Terms
Bacterial Energetic Requirements for Helicobacter pylori Cag Type IV Secretion System-Dependent Alterations in Gastric Epithelial Cells.
Lin AS, Dooyema SDR, Frick-Cheng AE, Harvey ML, Suarez G, Loh JT, McDonald WH, McClain MS, Peek RM, Cover TL
(2020) Infect Immun 88:
MeSH Terms: Antigens, Bacterial, Bacterial Proteins, Biological Transport, DNA, Bacterial, Epithelial Cells, Helicobacter pylori, Humans, Interleukin-8, Lipopolysaccharides, NF-kappa B, Peptidoglycan, Toll-Like Receptor 9, Type IV Secretion Systems, Virulence Factors
Show Abstract · Added March 3, 2020
colonizes the stomach in about half of the world's population. strains containing the pathogenicity island ( PAI) are associated with a higher risk of gastric adenocarcinoma or peptic ulcer disease than PAI-negative strains. The PAI encodes a type IV secretion system (T4SS) that mediates delivery of the CagA effector protein as well as nonprotein bacterial constituents into gastric epithelial cells. -induced nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) activation and interleukin-8 (IL-8) secretion are attributed to T4SS-dependent delivery of lipopolysaccharide metabolites and peptidoglycan into host cells, and Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) activation is attributed to delivery of bacterial DNA. In this study, we analyzed the bacterial energetic requirements associated with these cellular alterations. Mutant strains lacking Cagα, Cagβ, or CagE (putative ATPases corresponding to VirB11, VirD4, and VirB4 in prototypical T4SSs) were capable of T4SS core complex assembly but defective in CagA translocation into host cells. Thus, the three Cag ATPases are not functionally redundant. Cagα and CagE were required for -induced NF-κB activation, IL-8 secretion, and TLR9 activation, but Cagβ was dispensable for these responses. We identified putative ATP-binding motifs (Walker-A and Walker-B) in each of the ATPases and generated mutant strains in which these motifs were altered. Each of the Walker box mutant strains exhibited properties identical to those of the corresponding deletion mutant strains. These data suggest that Cag T4SS-dependent delivery of nonprotein bacterial constituents into host cells occurs through mechanisms different from those used for recruitment and delivery of CagA into host cells.
Copyright © 2020 American Society for Microbiology.
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Human Germinal Center B Cells Differ from Naïve and Memory B Cells in CD40 Expression and CD40L-Induced Signaling Response.
Huse K, Wogsland CE, Polikowsky HG, Diggins KE, Smeland EB, Myklebust JH, Irish JM
(2019) Cytometry A 95: 442-449
MeSH Terms: B-Lymphocytes, CD40 Antigens, CD40 Ligand, Cells, Cultured, Germinal Center, Humans, Immunologic Memory, NF-kappa B, Phosphorylation, Signal Transduction
Show Abstract · Added March 8, 2019
CD40 expression is required for germinal center (GC) formation and function, but the kinetics and magnitude of signaling following CD40 engagement remain poorly characterized in human B cells undergoing GC reactions. Here, differences in CD40 expression and signaling responses were compared across differentiation stages of mature human tonsillar B cells. A combination of mass cytometry and phospho-specific flow cytometry was used to quantify protein expression and CD40L-induced signaling in primary human naïve, GC, and memory B cells. Protein expression signatures of cell subsets were quantified using viSNE and Marker Enrichment Modeling (MEM). This approach revealed enriched expression of CD40 protein in GC B cells, compared to naïve and memory B cells. Despite this, GC B cells responded to CD40L engagement with lower phosphorylation of NFκB p65 during the first 30 min following CD40L activation. Before CD40L stimulation, GC B cells expressed higher levels of suppressor protein IκBα than naïve and memory B cells. Following CD40 activation, IκBα was rapidly degraded and reached equivalently low levels in naïve, GC, and memory B cells at 30 min following CD40L. Quantifying CD40 signaling responses as a function of bound ligand revealed a correlation between bound CD40L and degree of induced NFκB p65 phosphorylation, whereas comparable IκBα degradation occurred at all measured levels of CD40L binding. These results characterize cell-intrinsic signaling differences that exist in mature human B cells undergoing GC reactions. © 2019 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry.
© 2019 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry.
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10 MeSH Terms
An Integrated, High-Throughput Strategy for Multiomic Systems Level Analysis.
Gutierrez DB, Gant-Branum RL, Romer CE, Farrow MA, Allen JL, Dahal N, Nei YW, Codreanu SG, Jordan AT, Palmer LD, Sherrod SD, McLean JA, Skaar EP, Norris JL, Caprioli RM
(2018) J Proteome Res 17: 3396-3408
MeSH Terms: Gene Expression Profiling, Genomics, HL-60 Cells, Humans, Metabolomics, NF-E2-Related Factor 2, NF-kappa B, Proteomics, Signal Transduction, Systems Biology, Zinc
Show Abstract · Added August 27, 2018
Proteomics, metabolomics, and transcriptomics generate comprehensive data sets, and current biocomputational capabilities allow their efficient integration for systems biology analysis. Published multiomics studies cover methodological advances as well as applications to biological questions. However, few studies have focused on the development of a high-throughput, unified sample preparation approach to complement high-throughput omic analytics. This report details the automation, benchmarking, and application of a strategy for transcriptomic, proteomic, and metabolomic analyses from a common sample. The approach, sample preparation for multi-omics technologies (SPOT), provides equivalent performance to typical individual omic preparation methods but greatly enhances throughput and minimizes the resources required for multiomic experiments. SPOT was applied to a multiomics time course experiment for zinc-treated HL-60 cells. The data reveal Zn effects on NRF2 antioxidant and NFkappaB signaling. High-throughput approaches such as these are critical for the acquisition of temporally resolved, multicondition, large multiomic data sets such as those necessary to assess complex clinical and biological concerns. Ultimately, this type of approach will provide an expanded understanding of challenging scientific questions across many fields.
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11 MeSH Terms
VHL substrate transcription factor ZHX2 as an oncogenic driver in clear cell renal cell carcinoma.
Zhang J, Wu T, Simon J, Takada M, Saito R, Fan C, Liu XD, Jonasch E, Xie L, Chen X, Yao X, Teh BT, Tan P, Zheng X, Li M, Lawrence C, Fan J, Geng J, Liu X, Hu L, Wang J, Liao C, Hong K, Zurlo G, Parker JS, Auman JT, Perou CM, Rathmell WK, Kim WY, Kirschner MW, Kaelin WG, Baldwin AS, Zhang Q
(2018) Science 361: 290-295
MeSH Terms: Animals, Carcinoma, Renal Cell, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, Female, Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic, Homeodomain Proteins, Humans, Hydroxylation, Kidney Neoplasms, Mice, Mice, SCID, Molecular Targeted Therapy, Mutation, NF-kappa B, Oncogenes, Substrate Specificity, Transcription Factors, Von Hippel-Lindau Tumor Suppressor Protein
Show Abstract · Added October 30, 2019
Inactivation of the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) E3 ubiquitin ligase protein is a hallmark of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Identifying how pathways affected by VHL loss contribute to ccRCC remains challenging. We used a genome-wide in vitro expression strategy to identify proteins that bind VHL when hydroxylated. Zinc fingers and homeoboxes 2 (ZHX2) was found as a VHL target, and its hydroxylation allowed VHL to regulate its protein stability. Tumor cells from ccRCC patients with loss-of-function mutations usually had increased abundance and nuclear localization of ZHX2. Functionally, depletion of ZHX2 inhibited VHL-deficient ccRCC cell growth in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, integrated chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing and microarray analysis showed that ZHX2 promoted nuclear factor κB activation. These studies reveal ZHX2 as a potential therapeutic target for ccRCC.
Copyright © 2018 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works.
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Immunity drives regulation in cancer through NF-κB.
Collignon E, Canale A, Al Wardi C, Bizet M, Calonne E, Dedeurwaerder S, Garaud S, Naveaux C, Barham W, Wilson A, Bouchat S, Hubert P, Van Lint C, Yull F, Sotiriou C, Willard-Gallo K, Noel A, Fuks F
(2018) Sci Adv 4: eaap7309
MeSH Terms: Adaptive Immunity, Biomarkers, DNA Methylation, Epigenesis, Genetic, Gene Expression Profiling, Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic, Humans, Immunity, Immunity, Innate, Mixed Function Oxygenases, NF-kappa B, Neoplasms, Neoplasms, Basal Cell, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Protein Binding, Proto-Oncogene Proteins
Show Abstract · Added March 31, 2020
Ten-eleven translocation enzymes (TET1, TET2, and TET3), which induce DNA demethylation and gene regulation by converting 5-methylcytosine (5mC) to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC), are often down-regulated in cancer. We uncover, in basal-like breast cancer (BLBC), genome-wide 5hmC changes related to regulation. We further demonstrate that repression is associated with high expression of immune markers and high infiltration by immune cells. We identify in BLBC tissues an anticorrelation between expression and the major immunoregulator family nuclear factor κB (NF-κB). In vitro and in mice, is down-regulated in breast cancer cells upon NF-κB activation through binding of p65 to its consensus sequence in the promoter. We lastly show that these findings extend to other cancer types, including melanoma, lung, and thyroid cancers. Together, our data suggest a novel mode of regulation for in cancer and highlight a new paradigm in which the immune system can influence cancer cell epigenetics.
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p52 expression enhances lung cancer progression.
Saxon JA, Yu H, Polosukhin VV, Stathopoulos GT, Gleaves LA, McLoed AG, Massion PP, Yull FE, Zhao Z, Blackwell TS
(2018) Sci Rep 8: 6078
MeSH Terms: Adenocarcinoma of Lung, Animals, Cell Proliferation, Disease Progression, Gene Expression, Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic, Humans, Lung, Lung Neoplasms, Mice, Transgenic, Middle Aged, NF-kappa B p52 Subunit, Prognosis, Tumor Burden
Show Abstract · Added May 29, 2018
While many studies have demonstrated that canonical NF-κB signaling is a central pathway in lung tumorigenesis, the role of non-canonical NF-κB signaling in lung cancer remains undefined. We observed frequent nuclear accumulation of the non-canonical NF-κB component p100/p52 in human lung adenocarcinoma. To investigate the impact of non-canonical NF-κB signaling on lung carcinogenesis, we employed transgenic mice with doxycycline-inducible expression of p52 in airway epithelial cells. p52 over-expression led to increased tumor number and progression after injection of the carcinogen urethane. Gene expression analysis of lungs from transgenic mice combined with in vitro studies suggested that p52 promotes proliferation of lung epithelial cells through regulation of cell cycle-associated genes. Using gene expression and patient information from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, we found that expression of p52-associated genes was increased in lung adenocarcinomas and correlated with reduced survival, even in early stage disease. Analysis of p52-associated gene expression in additional human lung adenocarcinoma datasets corroborated these findings. Together, these studies implicate the non-canonical NF-κB component p52 in lung carcinogenesis and suggest modulation of p52 activity and/or downstream mediators as new therapeutic targets.
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14 MeSH Terms
IκB Kinase α Is Required for Development and Progression of -Mutant Lung Adenocarcinoma.
Vreka M, Lilis I, Papageorgopoulou M, Giotopoulou GA, Lianou M, Giopanou I, Kanellakis NI, Spella M, Agalioti T, Armenis V, Goldmann T, Marwitz S, Yull FE, Blackwell TS, Pasparakis M, Marazioti A, Stathopoulos GT
(2018) Cancer Res 78: 2939-2951
MeSH Terms: A549 Cells, Adenocarcinoma of Lung, Animals, Cell Line, Cell Line, Tumor, Disease Progression, HEK293 Cells, Humans, I-kappa B Kinase, Lung Neoplasms, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, NF-kappa B, Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases, Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras), Signal Transduction
Show Abstract · Added March 31, 2020
Although oncogenic activation of NFκB has been identified in various tumors, the NFκB-activating kinases (inhibitor of NFκB kinases, IKK) responsible for this are elusive. In this study, we determined the role of IKKα and IKKβ in -mutant lung adenocarcinomas induced by the carcinogen urethane and by respiratory epithelial expression of oncogenic Using NFκB reporter mice and conditional deletions of IKKα and IKKβ, we identified two distinct early and late activation phases of NFκB during chemical and genetic lung adenocarcinoma development, which were characterized by nuclear translocation of B, IκBβ, and IKKα in tumor-initiated cells. IKKα was a cardinal tumor promoter in chemical and genetic -mutant lung adenocarcinoma, and respiratory epithelial IKKα-deficient mice were markedly protected from the disease. IKKα specifically cooperated with mutant for tumor induction in a cell-autonomous fashion, providing mutant cells with a survival advantage and IKKα was highly expressed in human lung adenocarcinoma, and a heat shock protein 90 inhibitor that blocks IKK function delivered superior effects against -mutant lung adenocarcinoma compared with a specific IKKβ inhibitor. These results demonstrate an actionable requirement for IKKα in -mutant lung adenocarcinoma, marking the kinase as a therapeutic target against this disease. These findings report a novel requirement for IKKα in mutant lung tumor formation, with potential therapeutic applications. .
©2018 American Association for Cancer Research.
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NF-κB is weakly activated in the NOD mouse model of type 1 diabetes.
Irvin AE, Jhala G, Zhao Y, Blackwell TS, Krishnamurthy B, Thomas HE, Kay TWH
(2018) Sci Rep 8: 4217
MeSH Terms: Animals, Dendritic Cells, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1, Disease Models, Animal, Macrophages, Mice, Mice, Inbred NOD, NF-kappa B, Transcription, Genetic
Show Abstract · Added March 21, 2018
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease characterised by selective destruction of pancreatic beta cells by the immune system. The transcription factor nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) regulates innate and adaptive immune responses. Using gene targeting and in vitro analysis of pancreatic islets and immune cells, NF-κB activation has been implicated in type 1 diabetes development. Here we use a non-obese diabetic (NOD) mouse model that expresses a luciferase reporter of transcriptionally active NF-κB to determine its activation in vivo during development of diabetes. Increased luciferase activity was readily detected upon treatment with Toll-like receptor ligands in vitro and in vivo, indicating activation of NF-κB. However, activated NF-κB was detectable at low levels above background in unmanipulated NOD mice, but did not vary with age, despite the progression of inflammatory infiltration in islets over time. NF-κB was highly activated in an accelerated model of type 1 diabetes that requires CD4 T cells and inflammatory macrophages. These data shed light on the nature of the inflammatory response in the development of type 1 diabetes.
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9 MeSH Terms
Myeloid-derived interleukin-1β drives oncogenic KRAS-NF-κΒ addiction in malignant pleural effusion.
Marazioti A, Lilis I, Vreka M, Apostolopoulou H, Kalogeropoulou A, Giopanou I, Giotopoulou GA, Krontira AC, Iliopoulou M, Kanellakis NI, Agalioti T, Giannou AD, Jones-Paris C, Iwakura Y, Kardamakis D, Blackwell TS, Taraviras S, Spella M, Stathopoulos GT
(2018) Nat Commun 9: 672
MeSH Terms: Animals, Cell Line, Tumor, Chemokine CXCL1, Female, Genes, ras, Humans, I-kappa B Kinase, Interleukin-1beta, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mutation, Myeloid Cells, NF-kappa B, Pleural Effusion, Malignant, Receptors, Interleukin-1
Show Abstract · Added March 21, 2018
Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is a frequent metastatic manifestation of human cancers. While we previously identified KRAS mutations as molecular culprits of MPE formation, the underlying mechanism remained unknown. Here, we determine that non-canonical IKKα-RelB pathway activation of KRAS-mutant tumor cells mediates MPE development and this is fueled by host-provided interleukin IL-1β. Indeed, IKKα is required for the MPE-competence of KRAS-mutant tumor cells by activating non-canonical NF-κB signaling. IL-1β fuels addiction of mutant KRAS to IKKα resulting in increased CXCL1 secretion that fosters MPE-associated inflammation. Importantly, IL-1β-mediated NF-κB induction in KRAS-mutant tumor cells, as well as their resulting MPE-competence, can only be blocked by co-inhibition of both KRAS and IKKα, a strategy that overcomes drug resistance to individual treatments. Hence we show that mutant KRAS facilitates IKKα-mediated responsiveness of tumor cells to host IL-1β, thereby establishing a host-to-tumor signaling circuit that culminates in inflammatory MPE development and drug resistance.
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16 MeSH Terms