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Discovery and fine-mapping of adiposity loci using high density imputation of genome-wide association studies in individuals of African ancestry: African Ancestry Anthropometry Genetics Consortium.
Ng MCY, Graff M, Lu Y, Justice AE, Mudgal P, Liu CT, Young K, Yanek LR, Feitosa MF, Wojczynski MK, Rand K, Brody JA, Cade BE, Dimitrov L, Duan Q, Guo X, Lange LA, Nalls MA, Okut H, Tajuddin SM, Tayo BO, Vedantam S, Bradfield JP, Chen G, Chen WM, Chesi A, Irvin MR, Padhukasahasram B, Smith JA, Zheng W, Allison MA, Ambrosone CB, Bandera EV, Bartz TM, Berndt SI, Bernstein L, Blot WJ, Bottinger EP, Carpten J, Chanock SJ, Chen YI, Conti DV, Cooper RS, Fornage M, Freedman BI, Garcia M, Goodman PJ, Hsu YH, Hu J, Huff CD, Ingles SA, John EM, Kittles R, Klein E, Li J, McKnight B, Nayak U, Nemesure B, Ogunniyi A, Olshan A, Press MF, Rohde R, Rybicki BA, Salako B, Sanderson M, Shao Y, Siscovick DS, Stanford JL, Stevens VL, Stram A, Strom SS, Vaidya D, Witte JS, Yao J, Zhu X, Ziegler RG, Zonderman AB, Adeyemo A, Ambs S, Cushman M, Faul JD, Hakonarson H, Levin AM, Nathanson KL, Ware EB, Weir DR, Zhao W, Zhi D, Bone Mineral Density in Childhood Study (BMDCS) Group, Arnett DK, Grant SFA, Kardia SLR, Oloapde OI, Rao DC, Rotimi CN, Sale MM, Williams LK, Zemel BS, Becker DM, Borecki IB, Evans MK, Harris TB, Hirschhorn JN, Li Y, Patel SR, Psaty BM, Rotter JI, Wilson JG, Bowden DW, Cupples LA, Haiman CA, Loos RJF, North KE
(2017) PLoS Genet 13: e1006719
MeSH Terms: Adiposity, African Continental Ancestry Group, Anthropometry, Body Mass Index, Chromosome Mapping, European Continental Ancestry Group, Female, Gene Frequency, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genome-Wide Association Study, Humans, Linkage Disequilibrium, Male, Obesity, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Serine Endopeptidases, Transcription Factor 7-Like 2 Protein, Waist-Hip Ratio
Show Abstract · Added August 22, 2017
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified >300 loci associated with measures of adiposity including body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (adjusted for BMI, WHRadjBMI), but few have been identified through screening of the African ancestry genomes. We performed large scale meta-analyses and replications in up to 52,895 individuals for BMI and up to 23,095 individuals for WHRadjBMI from the African Ancestry Anthropometry Genetics Consortium (AAAGC) using 1000 Genomes phase 1 imputed GWAS to improve coverage of both common and low frequency variants in the low linkage disequilibrium African ancestry genomes. In the sex-combined analyses, we identified one novel locus (TCF7L2/HABP2) for WHRadjBMI and eight previously established loci at P < 5×10-8: seven for BMI, and one for WHRadjBMI in African ancestry individuals. An additional novel locus (SPRYD7/DLEU2) was identified for WHRadjBMI when combined with European GWAS. In the sex-stratified analyses, we identified three novel loci for BMI (INTS10/LPL and MLC1 in men, IRX4/IRX2 in women) and four for WHRadjBMI (SSX2IP, CASC8, PDE3B and ZDHHC1/HSD11B2 in women) in individuals of African ancestry or both African and European ancestry. For four of the novel variants, the minor allele frequency was low (<5%). In the trans-ethnic fine mapping of 47 BMI loci and 27 WHRadjBMI loci that were locus-wide significant (P < 0.05 adjusted for effective number of variants per locus) from the African ancestry sex-combined and sex-stratified analyses, 26 BMI loci and 17 WHRadjBMI loci contained ≤ 20 variants in the credible sets that jointly account for 99% posterior probability of driving the associations. The lead variants in 13 of these loci had a high probability of being causal. As compared to our previous HapMap imputed GWAS for BMI and WHRadjBMI including up to 71,412 and 27,350 African ancestry individuals, respectively, our results suggest that 1000 Genomes imputation showed modest improvement in identifying GWAS loci including low frequency variants. Trans-ethnic meta-analyses further improved fine mapping of putative causal variants in loci shared between the African and European ancestry populations.
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18 MeSH Terms
Association analyses of East Asian individuals and trans-ancestry analyses with European individuals reveal new loci associated with cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
Spracklen CN, Chen P, Kim YJ, Wang X, Cai H, Li S, Long J, Wu Y, Wang YX, Takeuchi F, Wu JY, Jung KJ, Hu C, Akiyama K, Zhang Y, Moon S, Johnson TA, Li H, Dorajoo R, He M, Cannon ME, Roman TS, Salfati E, Lin KH, Guo X, Sheu WHH, Absher D, Adair LS, Assimes TL, Aung T, Cai Q, Chang LC, Chen CH, Chien LH, Chuang LM, Chuang SC, Du S, Fan Q, Fann CSJ, Feranil AB, Friedlander Y, Gordon-Larsen P, Gu D, Gui L, Guo Z, Heng CK, Hixson J, Hou X, Hsiung CA, Hu Y, Hwang MY, Hwu CM, Isono M, Juang JJ, Khor CC, Kim YK, Koh WP, Kubo M, Lee IT, Lee SJ, Lee WJ, Liang KW, Lim B, Lim SH, Liu J, Nabika T, Pan WH, Peng H, Quertermous T, Sabanayagam C, Sandow K, Shi J, Sun L, Tan PC, Tan SP, Taylor KD, Teo YY, Toh SA, Tsunoda T, van Dam RM, Wang A, Wang F, Wang J, Wei WB, Xiang YB, Yao J, Yuan JM, Zhang R, Zhao W, Chen YI, Rich SS, Rotter JI, Wang TD, Wu T, Lin X, Han BG, Tanaka T, Cho YS, Katsuya T, Jia W, Jee SH, Chen YT, Kato N, Jonas JB, Cheng CY, Shu XO, He J, Zheng W, Wong TY, Huang W, Kim BJ, Tai ES, Mohlke KL, Sim X
(2017) Hum Mol Genet 26: 1770-1784
MeSH Terms: Adult, Alleles, Asian Continental Ancestry Group, Cholesterol, Ethnic Groups, European Continental Ancestry Group, Female, Gene Frequency, Genetic Association Studies, Genome-Wide Association Study, Humans, Linkage Disequilibrium, Lipids, Lipoproteins, HDL, Lipoproteins, LDL, Male, Middle Aged, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Quantitative Trait Loci, Triglycerides
Show Abstract · Added April 3, 2018
Large-scale meta-analyses of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified >175 loci associated with fasting cholesterol levels, including total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglycerides (TG). With differences in linkage disequilibrium (LD) structure and allele frequencies between ancestry groups, studies in additional large samples may detect new associations. We conducted staged GWAS meta-analyses in up to 69,414 East Asian individuals from 24 studies with participants from Japan, the Philippines, Korea, China, Singapore, and Taiwan. These meta-analyses identified (P < 5 × 10-8) three novel loci associated with HDL-C near CD163-APOBEC1 (P = 7.4 × 10-9), NCOA2 (P = 1.6 × 10-8), and NID2-PTGDR (P = 4.2 × 10-8), and one novel locus associated with TG near WDR11-FGFR2 (P = 2.7 × 10-10). Conditional analyses identified a second signal near CD163-APOBEC1. We then combined results from the East Asian meta-analysis with association results from up to 187,365 European individuals from the Global Lipids Genetics Consortium in a trans-ancestry meta-analysis. This analysis identified (log10Bayes Factor ≥6.1) eight additional novel lipid loci. Among the twelve total loci identified, the index variants at eight loci have demonstrated at least nominal significance with other metabolic traits in prior studies, and two loci exhibited coincident eQTLs (P < 1 × 10-5) in subcutaneous adipose tissue for BPTF and PDGFC. Taken together, these analyses identified multiple novel lipid loci, providing new potential therapeutic targets.
© The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.
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Integrated analysis of genetic variation and gene expression reveals novel variant for increased warfarin dose requirement in African Americans.
Hernandez W, Gamazon ER, Aquino-Michaels K, Smithberger E, O'Brien TJ, Harralson AF, Tuck M, Barbour A, Cavallari LH, Perera MA
(2017) J Thromb Haemost 15: 735-743
MeSH Terms: Adult, African Americans, Aged, Algorithms, Calcium-Binding Proteins, Cohort Studies, Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C9, Female, Gene Expression Profiling, Gene Expression Regulation, Genetic Variation, Genotype, Humans, Linkage Disequilibrium, Liver, Male, Middle Aged, Pharmacogenetics, Precision Medicine, Quantitative Trait Loci, Thromboembolism, Vitamin K Epoxide Reductases, Warfarin
Show Abstract · Added April 13, 2017
Essentials Genetic variants controlling gene regulation have not been explored in pharmacogenomics. We tested liver expression quantitative trait loci for association with warfarin dose response. A novel predictor for increased warfarin dose response in African Americans was identified. Precision medicine must take into account population-specific variation in gene regulation.
SUMMARY - Background Warfarin is commonly used to control and prevent thromboembolic disorders. However, because of warfarin's complex dose-requirement relationship, safe and effective use is challenging. Pharmacogenomics-guided warfarin dosing algorithms that include the well-established VKORC1 and CYP2C9 polymorphisms explain only a small proportion of inter-individual variability in African Americans (AAs). Objectives We aimed to assess whether transcriptomic analyses could be used to identify regulatory variants associated with warfarin dose response in AAs. Patients/Methods We identified a total of 56 expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs) for CYP2C9, VKORC1 and CALU derived from human livers and evaluated their association with warfarin dose response in two independent AA warfarin patient cohorts. Results We found that rs4889606, a strong cis-eQTL for VKORC1 (log Bayes Factor = 12.02), is significantly associated with increased warfarin daily dose requirement (β = 1.1; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.46 to 1.8) in the discovery cohort (n = 305) and in the replication cohort (β = 1.04; 95% CI 0.33 -1.7; n = 141) after conditioning on relevant covariates and the VKORC1 -1639G>A (rs9923231) variant. Inclusion of rs4889606 genotypes, along with CYP2C9 alleles, rs9923231 genotypes and clinical variables, explained 31% of the inter-patient variability in warfarin dose requirement. We demonstrate different linkage disequilibrium patterns in the region encompassing rs4889606 and rs9923231 between AAs and European Americans, which may explain the increased dose requirement found in AAs. Conclusion Our approach of interrogating eQTLs identified in liver has revealed a novel predictor of warfarin dose response in AAs. Our work highlights the utility of leveraging information from regulatory variants mapped in the liver to uncover novel variants associated with drug response and the importance of population-specific research.
© 2017 International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis.
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Are Interactions between cis-Regulatory Variants Evidence for Biological Epistasis or Statistical Artifacts?
Fish AE, Capra JA, Bush WS
(2016) Am J Hum Genet 99: 817-830
MeSH Terms: Artifacts, Binding Sites, Datasets as Topic, Epistasis, Genetic, Ethnic Groups, Gene Expression Regulation, Genetic Variation, Haplotypes, Humans, Linkage Disequilibrium, Models, Genetic, Models, Statistical, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Quantitative Trait Loci, RNA-Binding Proteins, Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid
Show Abstract · Added April 18, 2017
The importance of epistasis-or statistical interactions between genetic variants-to the development of complex disease in humans has been controversial. Genome-wide association studies of statistical interactions influencing human traits have recently become computationally feasible and have identified many putative interactions. However, statistical models used to detect interactions can be confounded, which makes it difficult to be certain that observed statistical interactions are evidence for true molecular epistasis. In this study, we investigate whether there is evidence for epistatic interactions between genetic variants within the cis-regulatory region that influence gene expression after accounting for technical, statistical, and biological confounding factors. We identified 1,119 (FDR = 5%) interactions that appear to regulate gene expression in human lymphoblastoid cell lines, a tightly controlled, largely genetically determined phenotype. Many of these interactions replicated in an independent dataset (90 of 803 tested, Bonferroni threshold). We then performed an exhaustive analysis of both known and novel confounders, including ceiling/floor effects, missing genotype combinations, haplotype effects, single variants tagged through linkage disequilibrium, and population stratification. Every interaction could be explained by at least one of these confounders, and replication in independent datasets did not protect against some confounders. Assuming that the confounding factors provide a more parsimonious explanation for each interaction, we find it unlikely that cis-regulatory interactions contribute strongly to human gene expression, which calls into question the relevance of cis-regulatory interactions for other human phenotypes. We additionally propose several best practices for epistasis testing to protect future studies from confounding.
Copyright © 2016 American Society of Human Genetics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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16 MeSH Terms
Fine-Mapping of the 1p11.2 Breast Cancer Susceptibility Locus.
Horne HN, Chung CC, Zhang H, Yu K, Prokunina-Olsson L, Michailidou K, Bolla MK, Wang Q, Dennis J, Hopper JL, Southey MC, Schmidt MK, Broeks A, Muir K, Lophatananon A, Fasching PA, Beckmann MW, Fletcher O, Johnson N, Sawyer EJ, Tomlinson I, Burwinkel B, Marme F, Guénel P, Truong T, Bojesen SE, Flyger H, Benitez J, González-Neira A, Anton-Culver H, Neuhausen SL, Brenner H, Arndt V, Meindl A, Schmutzler RK, Brauch H, Hamann U, Nevanlinna H, Khan S, Matsuo K, Iwata H, Dörk T, Bogdanova NV, Lindblom A, Margolin S, Mannermaa A, Kosma VM, Chenevix-Trench G, kConFab/AOCS Investigators, Wu AH, Ven den Berg D, Smeets A, Zhao H, Chang-Claude J, Rudolph A, Radice P, Barile M, Couch FJ, Vachon C, Giles GG, Milne RL, Haiman CA, Marchand LL, Goldberg MS, Teo SH, Taib NA, Kristensen V, Borresen-Dale AL, Zheng W, Shrubsole M, Winqvist R, Jukkola-Vuorinen A, Andrulis IL, Knight JA, Devilee P, Seynaeve C, García-Closas M, Czene K, Darabi H, Hollestelle A, Martens JW, Li J, Lu W, Shu XO, Cox A, Cross SS, Blot W, Cai Q, Shah M, Luccarini C, Baynes C, Harrington P, Kang D, Choi JY, Hartman M, Chia KS, Kabisch M, Torres D, Jakubowska A, Lubinski J, Sangrajrang S, Brennan P, Slager S, Yannoukakos D, Shen CY, Hou MF, Swerdlow A, Orr N, Simard J, Hall P, Pharoah PD, Easton DF, Chanock SJ, Dunning AM, Figueroa JD
(2016) PLoS One 11: e0160316
MeSH Terms: Alleles, Breast Neoplasms, Case-Control Studies, Chromosome Mapping, Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1, Computational Biology, Female, Gene Frequency, Genetic Association Studies, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genotype, Humans, Linkage Disequilibrium, Neoplasm Grading, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Population Surveillance, Quantitative Trait Loci, Risk Assessment
Show Abstract · Added April 3, 2018
The Cancer Genetic Markers of Susceptibility genome-wide association study (GWAS) originally identified a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs11249433 at 1p11.2 associated with breast cancer risk. To fine-map this locus, we genotyped 92 SNPs in a 900kb region (120,505,799-121,481,132) flanking rs11249433 in 45,276 breast cancer cases and 48,998 controls of European, Asian and African ancestry from 50 studies in the Breast Cancer Association Consortium. Genotyping was done using iCOGS, a custom-built array. Due to the complicated nature of the region on chr1p11.2: 120,300,000-120,505,798, that lies near the centromere and contains seven duplicated genomic segments, we restricted analyses to 429 SNPs excluding the duplicated regions (42 genotyped and 387 imputed). Per-allelic associations with breast cancer risk were estimated using logistic regression models adjusting for study and ancestry-specific principal components. The strongest association observed was with the original identified index SNP rs11249433 (minor allele frequency (MAF) 0.402; per-allele odds ratio (OR) = 1.10, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.08-1.13, P = 1.49 x 10-21). The association for rs11249433 was limited to ER-positive breast cancers (test for heterogeneity P≤8.41 x 10-5). Additional analyses by other tumor characteristics showed stronger associations with moderately/well differentiated tumors and tumors of lobular histology. Although no significant eQTL associations were observed, in silico analyses showed that rs11249433 was located in a region that is likely a weak enhancer/promoter. Fine-mapping analysis of the 1p11.2 breast cancer susceptibility locus confirms this region to be limited to risk to cancers that are ER-positive.
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Phenome-Wide Association Study to Explore Relationships between Immune System Related Genetic Loci and Complex Traits and Diseases.
Verma A, Basile AO, Bradford Y, Kuivaniemi H, Tromp G, Carey D, Gerhard GS, Crowe JE, Ritchie MD, Pendergrass SA
(2016) PLoS One 11: e0160573
MeSH Terms: Ankyrins, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Electronic Health Records, Genetic Association Studies, Genetic Loci, Genotype, Humans, Immune System, Linkage Disequilibrium, Nerve Tissue Proteins, Phenotype, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Respiratory Tract Infections, Sinusitis, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Show Abstract · Added April 13, 2017
We performed a Phenome-Wide Association Study (PheWAS) to identify interrelationships between the immune system genetic architecture and a wide array of phenotypes from two de-identified electronic health record (EHR) biorepositories. We selected variants within genes encoding critical factors in the immune system and variants with known associations with autoimmunity. To define case/control status for EHR diagnoses, we used International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) diagnosis codes from 3,024 Geisinger Clinic MyCode® subjects (470 diagnoses) and 2,899 Vanderbilt University Medical Center BioVU biorepository subjects (380 diagnoses). A pooled-analysis was also carried out for the replicating results of the two data sets. We identified new associations with potential biological relevance including SNPs in tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and ankyrin-related genes associated with acute and chronic sinusitis and acute respiratory tract infection. The two most significant associations identified were for the C6orf10 SNP rs6910071 and "rheumatoid arthritis" (ICD-9 code category 714) (pMETAL = 2.58 x 10-9) and the ATN1 SNP rs2239167 and "diabetes mellitus, type 2" (ICD-9 code category 250) (pMETAL = 6.39 x 10-9). This study highlights the utility of using PheWAS in conjunction with EHRs to discover new genotypic-phenotypic associations for immune-system related genetic loci.
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15 MeSH Terms
Novel Genetic Variants Associated With Increased Vertebral Volumetric BMD, Reduced Vertebral Fracture Risk, and Increased Expression of SLC1A3 and EPHB2.
Nielson CM, Liu CT, Smith AV, Ackert-Bicknell CL, Reppe S, Jakobsdottir J, Wassel C, Register TC, Oei L, Alonso N, Oei EH, Parimi N, Samelson EJ, Nalls MA, Zmuda J, Lang T, Bouxsein M, Latourelle J, Claussnitzer M, Siggeirsdottir K, Srikanth P, Lorentzen E, Vandenput L, Langefeld C, Raffield L, Terry G, Cox AJ, Allison MA, Criqui MH, Bowden D, Ikram MA, Mellström D, Karlsson MK, Carr J, Budoff M, Phillips C, Cupples LA, Chou WC, Myers RH, Ralston SH, Gautvik KM, Cawthon PM, Cummings S, Karasik D, Rivadeneira F, Gudnason V, Orwoll ES, Harris TB, Ohlsson C, Kiel DP, Hsu YH
(2016) J Bone Miner Res 31: 2085-2097
MeSH Terms: Animals, Biopsy, Bone Density, Cancellous Bone, Excitatory Amino Acid Transporter 1, Gene Expression Regulation, Genetic Association Studies, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Humans, Linkage Disequilibrium, Lumbar Vertebrae, Mice, Molecular Sequence Annotation, Organ Size, Osteoblasts, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Quantitative Trait Loci, Receptor, EphB2, Risk Factors, Spinal Fractures, Spine
Show Abstract · Added March 27, 2018
Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have revealed numerous loci for areal bone mineral density (aBMD). We completed the first GWAS meta-analysis (n = 15,275) of lumbar spine volumetric BMD (vBMD) measured by quantitative computed tomography (QCT), allowing for examination of the trabecular bone compartment. SNPs that were significantly associated with vBMD were also examined in two GWAS meta-analyses to determine associations with morphometric vertebral fracture (n = 21,701) and clinical vertebral fracture (n = 5893). Expression quantitative trait locus (eQTL) analyses of iliac crest biopsies were performed in 84 postmenopausal women, and murine osteoblast expression of genes implicated by eQTL or by proximity to vBMD-associated SNPs was examined. We identified significant vBMD associations with five loci, including: 1p36.12, containing WNT4 and ZBTB40; 8q24, containing TNFRSF11B; and 13q14, containing AKAP11 and TNFSF11. Two loci (5p13 and 1p36.12) also contained associations with radiographic and clinical vertebral fracture, respectively. In 5p13, rs2468531 (minor allele frequency [MAF] = 3%) was associated with higher vBMD (β = 0.22, p = 1.9 × 10 ) and decreased risk of radiographic vertebral fracture (odds ratio [OR] = 0.75; false discovery rate [FDR] p = 0.01). In 1p36.12, rs12742784 (MAF = 21%) was associated with higher vBMD (β = 0.09, p = 1.2 × 10 ) and decreased risk of clinical vertebral fracture (OR = 0.82; FDR p = 7.4 × 10 ). Both SNPs are noncoding and were associated with increased mRNA expression levels in human bone biopsies: rs2468531 with SLC1A3 (β = 0.28, FDR p = 0.01, involved in glutamate signaling and osteogenic response to mechanical loading) and rs12742784 with EPHB2 (β = 0.12, FDR p = 1.7 × 10 , functions in bone-related ephrin signaling). Both genes are expressed in murine osteoblasts. This is the first study to link SLC1A3 and EPHB2 to clinically relevant vertebral osteoporosis phenotypes. These results may help elucidate vertebral bone biology and novel approaches to reducing vertebral fracture incidence. © 2016 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.
© 2016 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.
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Fine-scale mapping of 8q24 locus identifies multiple independent risk variants for breast cancer.
Shi J, Zhang Y, Zheng W, Michailidou K, Ghoussaini M, Bolla MK, Wang Q, Dennis J, Lush M, Milne RL, Shu XO, Beesley J, Kar S, Andrulis IL, Anton-Culver H, Arndt V, Beckmann MW, Zhao Z, Guo X, Benitez J, Beeghly-Fadiel A, Blot W, Bogdanova NV, Bojesen SE, Brauch H, Brenner H, Brinton L, Broeks A, Brüning T, Burwinkel B, Cai H, Canisius S, Chang-Claude J, Choi JY, Couch FJ, Cox A, Cross SS, Czene K, Darabi H, Devilee P, Droit A, Dork T, Fasching PA, Fletcher O, Flyger H, Fostira F, Gaborieau V, García-Closas M, Giles GG, Mervi Grip, Guenel P, Haiman CA, Hamann U, Hartman M, Miao H, Hollestelle A, Hopper JL, Hsiung CN, kConFab Investigators, Ito H, Jakubowska A, Johnson N, Torres D, Kabisch M, Kang D, Khan S, Knight JA, Kosma VM, Lambrechts D, Li J, Lindblom A, Lophatananon A, Lubinski J, Mannermaa A, Manoukian S, Le Marchand L, Margolin S, Marme F, Matsuo K, McLean C, Meindl A, Muir K, Neuhausen SL, Nevanlinna H, Nord S, Børresen-Dale AL, Olson JE, Orr N, van den Ouweland AMW, Peterlongo P, Putti TC, Rudolph A, Sangrajrang S, Sawyer EJ, Schmidt MK, Schmutzler RK, Shen CY, Hou MF, Shrubsole MJ, Southey MC, Swerdlow A, Teo SH, Thienpont B, Toland AE, Tollenaar RAEM, Tomlinson I, Truong T, Tseng CC, Wen W, Winqvist R, Wu AH, Yip CH, Zamora PM, Zheng Y, Floris G, Cheng CY, Hooning MJ, Martens JWM, Seynaeve C, Kristensen VN, Hall P, Pharoah PDP, Simard J, Chenevix-Trench G, Dunning AM, Antoniou AC, Easton DF, Cai Q, Long J
(2016) Int J Cancer 139: 1303-1317
MeSH Terms: Alleles, Breast Neoplasms, Case-Control Studies, Chromosome Mapping, Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8, European Continental Ancestry Group, Female, Genetic Variation, Genome-Wide Association Study, Genotype, Haplotypes, Humans, Linkage Disequilibrium, Odds Ratio, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Quantitative Trait Loci, Risk
Show Abstract · Added April 18, 2017
Previous genome-wide association studies among women of European ancestry identified two independent breast cancer susceptibility loci represented by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs13281615 and rs11780156 at 8q24. A fine-mapping study across 2.06 Mb (chr8:127,561,724-129,624,067, hg19) in 55,540 breast cancer cases and 51,168 controls within the Breast Cancer Association Consortium was conducted. Three additional independent association signals in women of European ancestry, represented by rs35961416 (OR = 0.95, 95% CI = 0.93-0.97, conditional p = 5.8 × 10(-6) ), rs7815245 (OR = 0.94, 95% CI = 0.91-0.96, conditional p = 1.1 × 10(-6) ) and rs2033101 (OR = 1.05, 95% CI = 1.02-1.07, conditional p = 1.1 × 10(-4) ) were found. Integrative analysis using functional genomic data from the Roadmap Epigenomics, the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements project, the Cancer Genome Atlas and other public resources implied that SNPs rs7815245 in Signal 3, and rs1121948 in Signal 5 (in linkage disequilibrium with rs11780156, r(2)  = 0.77), were putatively functional variants for two of the five independent association signals. The results highlighted multiple 8q24 variants associated with breast cancer susceptibility in women of European ancestry.
© 2016 UICC.
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17 MeSH Terms
Admixture mapping of serum vitamin D and parathyroid hormone concentrations in the African American-Diabetes Heart Study.
Palmer ND, Divers J, Lu L, Register TC, Carr JJ, Hicks PJ, Smith SC, Xu J, Judd SE, Irvin MR, Gutierrez OM, Bowden DW, Wagenknecht LE, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI
(2016) Bone 87: 71-7
MeSH Terms: African Americans, Demography, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Female, Humans, Linkage Disequilibrium, Lod Score, Male, Middle Aged, Parathyroid Hormone, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Vitamin D
Show Abstract · Added September 29, 2016
Vitamin D and intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) concentrations differ between individuals of African and European descent and may play a role in observed racial differences in bone mineral density (BMD). These findings suggest that mapping by admixture linkage disequilibrium (MALD) may be informative for identifying genetic variants contributing to these ethnic disparities. Admixture mapping was performed for serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, vitamin D-binding protein (VDBP), bioavailable vitamin D, and iPTH concentrations and computed tomography measured thoracic and lumbar vertebral volumetric BMD in 552 unrelated African Americans with type 2 diabetes from the African American-Diabetes Heart Study. Genotyping was performed using a custom Illumina ancestry informative marker (AIM) panel. For each AIM, the probability of inheriting 0, 1, or 2 copies of a European-derived allele was determined. Non-parametric linkage analysis was performed by testing for association between each AIM using these probabilities among phenotypes, accounting for global ancestry, age, and gender. Fine-mapping of MALD peaks was facilitated by genome-wide association study (GWAS) data. VDBP levels were significantly linked in proximity to the protein coding locus (rs7689609, LOD=11.05). Two loci exhibited significant linkage signals for 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D on 13q21.2 (rs1622710, LOD=3.20) and 12q13.2 (rs11171526, LOD=3.10). iPTH was significantly linked on 9q31.3 (rs7854368, LOD=3.14). Fine-mapping with GWAS data revealed significant known (rs7041 with VDBP, P=1.38×10(-82)) and novel (rs12741813 and rs10863774 with VDBP, P<6.43×10(-5)) loci with plausible biological roles. Admixture mapping in combination with fine-mapping has focused efforts to identify loci contributing to ethnic differences in vitamin D-related traits.
Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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12 MeSH Terms
Meta-analysis of lipid-traits in Hispanics identifies novel loci, population-specific effects, and tissue-specific enrichment of eQTLs.
Below JE, Parra EJ, Gamazon ER, Torres J, Krithika S, Candille S, Lu Y, Manichakul A, Peralta-Romero J, Duan Q, Li Y, Morris AP, Gottesman O, Bottinger E, Wang XQ, Taylor KD, Ida Chen YD, Rotter JI, Rich SS, Loos RJ, Tang H, Cox NJ, Cruz M, Hanis CL, Valladares-Salgado A
(2016) Sci Rep 6: 19429
MeSH Terms: European Continental Ancestry Group, Genetic Association Studies, Genetics, Population, Genome-Wide Association Study, Genotype, Hispanic Americans, Humans, Linkage Disequilibrium, Lipid Metabolism, Lipids, Mexico, Organ Specificity, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Quantitative Trait Loci, Quantitative Trait, Heritable
Show Abstract · Added April 13, 2017
We performed genome-wide meta-analysis of lipid traits on three samples of Mexican and Mexican American ancestry comprising 4,383 individuals, and followed up significant and highly suggestive associations in three additional Hispanic samples comprising 7,876 individuals. Genome-wide significant signals were observed in or near CELSR2, ZNF259/APOA5, KANK2/DOCK6 and NCAN/MAU2 for total cholesterol, LPL, ABCA1, ZNF259/APOA5, LIPC and CETP for HDL cholesterol, CELSR2, APOB and NCAN/MAU2 for LDL cholesterol, and GCKR, TRIB1, ZNF259/APOA5 and NCAN/MAU2 for triglycerides. Linkage disequilibrium and conditional analyses indicate that signals observed at ABCA1 and LIPC for HDL cholesterol and NCAN/MAU2 for triglycerides are independent of previously reported lead SNP associations. Analyses of lead SNPs from the European Global Lipids Genetics Consortium (GLGC) dataset in our Hispanic samples show remarkable concordance of direction of effects as well as strong correlation in effect sizes. A meta-analysis of the European GLGC and our Hispanic datasets identified five novel regions reaching genome-wide significance: two for total cholesterol (FN1 and SAMM50), two for HDL cholesterol (LOC100996634 and COPB1) and one for LDL cholesterol (LINC00324/CTC1/PFAS). The top meta-analysis signals were found to be enriched for SNPs associated with gene expression in a tissue-specific fashion, suggesting an enrichment of tissue-specific function in lipid-associated loci.
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