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PURPOSE - Evolving techniques and materials for pelvic reconstruction have resulted in corresponding increases in the risk of iatrogenic foreign bodies in the lower urinary tract and vagina. We review the presentation, management and outcomes of iatrogenic foreign bodies in the female lower urinary tract and vagina.
MATERIALS AND METHODS - We performed a retrospective review of the records of all women undergoing removal of lower urinary tract foreign bodies during a 9-year period. All patients underwent a structured evaluation including history, physical examination, ancillary testing as indicated and subjective symptom appraisal.
RESULTS - A total of 85 women were identified, of whom 48 had vaginal, 40 had lower urinary tract, and 3 had concomitant vaginal and lower urinary tract excision of foreign material. Of the lower urinary tract cases the foreign body was located in the urethra in 12, bladder neck in 10, bladder wall in 18 and trigone in 3, while the remainder of the cases was vaginal in location. Aggressive surgical management aimed at removal or debulking of the exposed foreign body necessitated cystorrhaphy/partial cystectomy (20), urethroplasty (18) and fistula repair (3). Of the patients with vaginal excision 36 (75%) reported cure (of presenting symptoms), 10 (20.8%) reported improvement and 2 were unavailable for followup. Of the patients with lower urinary tract excision 21 (52.5%) reported cure, 14 (35%) indicated improvement and 5 were unavailable for followup.
CONCLUSIONS - In a complex group of women with vaginal or lower urinary tract foreign body extrusion, aggressive operative management resulted in high rates of subjective patient cure. Adequate assessment of newer reconstructive technologies is critical to assess the full impact of these complications.
Copyright © 2012 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Nail-gun injuries have become an increasingly prevalent source of penetrating intracranial trauma. Few cases of intracranial nail-gun injuries disturbing major cerebrovascular structures have been reported, and none entailing basilar artery involvement. We report here the case of a 51-year-old male with an intracranial nail-gun injury involving penetration of the distal basilar artery. Operative removal was accomplished under direct vision using a double concentric cranioorbital zygomatic osteotomy for a trans-Sylvian approach. We highlight the principles involved in removing foreign bodies penetrating critical neurovascular structures.
The article by Boutin et al.  in this issue of the AJR documents a surprinsingly great variation in the MR screening procedures used at different academic centers throughout the United States. Although considerable literature now exists concerning the MR imaging of patients with ferromagnetic implants, devices, and foreign bodies [2-4], no uniform screening protocol to identify such patients has yet been adopted. The Safety Committee of the Society for Magnetic Resonance Imaging (SMRI) has recommended that "each imaging site should develop a standardized policy for screening patients with suspected metallic foreign bodies" . To date, however, the SMRI has neither proposed nor endorsed a specific screening protocol for general use.
Foreign bodies of the esophagus in adults may be the result of a food bolus that becomes lodged proximal to a structural abnormality of the distal esophagus. A case of peptic stricture of the esophagus in a patient who presented with acute dysphagia after ingesting an over-the-counter diet pill composed of guar gum is discussed. It is recommended that anorectics composed of dietary fiber should not be used in patients with a history of esophageal stricture.