NOTICE -- Login operations are currently offline due to an unscheduled disruption. We are waiting for LDAP services to be re-instated. We apologize for the inconvenience - June 24, 2021

Other search tools

About this data

The publication data currently available has been vetted by Vanderbilt faculty, staff, administrators and trainees. The data itself is retrieved directly from NCBI's PubMed and is automatically updated on a weekly basis to ensure accuracy and completeness.

If you have any questions or comments, please contact us.

Results: 1 to 10 of 196

Publication Record

Connections

New genetic predictors for abacavir tolerance in HLA-B*57:01 positive individuals.
Pavlos R, Deshpande P, Chopra A, Leary S, Strautins K, Nolan D, Thorborn D, Shaefer M, Rauch A, Dunn D, Montaner J, Rachlis A, Almeida CA, Choo L, James I, Redwood AJ, Li Y, Gaudieri S, Mallal SA, Phillips EJ
(2020) Hum Immunol 81: 300-304
MeSH Terms: Allergens, Aminopeptidases, Anti-HIV Agents, Dideoxynucleosides, Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome, Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions, Female, Genetic Association Studies, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genotype, HIV Infections, HIV-1, HLA-B Antigens, Humans, Lipopolysaccharide Receptors, Male, Minor Histocompatibility Antigens, Phenotype, Retrospective Studies
Show Abstract · Added March 30, 2020
Abacavir hypersensitivity syndrome (ABC HSS) is strongly associated with carriage of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B*57:01, which has a 100% negative predictive value for the development of ABC HSS. However, 45% of individuals who carry HLA-B*57:01 can tolerate ABC. We investigated immune and non-immune related genes in ABC HSS (n = 95) and ABC tolerant (n = 43) HLA-B*57:01 + patients to determine other factors required for the development of ABC HSS. Assignment of phenotype showed that ABC HSS subjects were significantly less likely than tolerants to carry only ERAP1 hypoactive trimming allotypes (p = 0.02). An altered self-peptide repertoire model by which abacavir activates T cells is in keeping with observation that endoplasmic reticulum aminopeptidase 1 (ERAP1) allotypes that favour efficient peptide trimming are more common in ABC HSS patients compared to patients who tolerate ABC. Independently, non-specific immune activation via soluble cluster of differentiation antigen 14 (sCD14) may also influence susceptibility to ABC HSS.
Copyright © 2020 American Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
0 Communities
1 Members
0 Resources
19 MeSH Terms
Single-cell transcriptomics reveal polyclonal memory T-cell responses in skin with positive abacavir patch test results.
Redwood AJ, Rwandamuriye F, Chopra A, Leary S, Ram R, McDonnell W, Konvinse K, White K, Pavlos R, Koelle DM, Mallal S, Phillips EJ
(2019) J Allergy Clin Immunol 144: 1413-1416.e7
MeSH Terms: Aged, Anti-HIV Agents, Arthralgia, CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes, Dideoxynucleosides, Drug Hypersensitivity, Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions, Gene Expression Profiling, HLA-B Antigens, Headache, Humans, Immunologic Memory, Lymphocyte Activation, Male, Myalgia, Patch Tests, Single-Cell Analysis, Skin
Added March 30, 2020
0 Communities
1 Members
0 Resources
18 MeSH Terms
Self-reported Cannabis Use and Changes in Body Mass Index, CD4 T-Cell Counts, and HIV-1 RNA Suppression in Treated Persons with HIV.
Lee JT, Saag LA, Kipp AM, Logan J, Shepherd BE, Koethe JR, Turner M, Bebawy S, Sterling TR, Hulgan T
(2020) AIDS Behav 24: 1275-1280
MeSH Terms: Adult, Anti-HIV Agents, Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active, Body Mass Index, CD4 Lymphocyte Count, CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes, Cannabis, Female, HIV Infections, HIV-1, Humans, Male, Marijuana Smoking, RNA, Retrospective Studies, Self Report, Viral Load
Show Abstract · Added December 11, 2019
Cannabis use is prevalent among HIV-positive persons, but evidence regarding the impact of cannabis in HIV-positive persons is limited. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of HIV-positive adults initiating their first antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen. A dedicated intake form assessed self-reported cannabis use in the preceding 7 days at each visit. The relationships between time-varying cannabis use and body mass index (BMI), CD4+ T-cell count, and HIV-1 RNA levels were assessed using random effects models adjusted for age, sex, race, and other reported substance use. 4290 patient-visits from 2008 to 2011 were available from 1010 patients. Overall, there were no statistically significant differences in CD4+ T-cell count and BMI across multiple adjusted models using different measures of cannabis use (ever use during the study period, any use, and number of times used in the preceding 7 days). Cannabis use by all three measures was associated with greater odds of having a detectable viral load at a given visit than no reported use (OR 2.02, 1.72, and 1.08, respectively; all adjusted p < 0.05). Self-reported cannabis use was not associated with changes in BMI or CD4+ T-cell count in ART-naïve HIV-positive persons starting treatment. However, reported cannabis use by multiple categories was associated with having a detectable HIV-1 RNA during the study period. Associations between cannabis use, adherence, and HIV-related outcomes merit further study.
0 Communities
1 Members
0 Resources
17 MeSH Terms
Hemochromatosis (HFE) Gene Variants Are Associated with Increased Mitochondrial DNA Levels During HIV-1 Infection and Antiretroviral Therapy.
Kallianpur AR, Gerschenson M, Hulgan T, Kaur H, Clifford DB, Haas DW, Murdock DG, McArthur JC, Samuels DC, Simpson DM
(2018) AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 34: 942-949
MeSH Terms: Adult, Alleles, Anti-HIV Agents, CD4 Lymphocyte Count, Case-Control Studies, DNA Copy Number Variations, DNA, Mitochondrial, Female, Genotype, HIV Infections, HIV-1, Hemochromatosis Protein, Humans, Leukocytes, Mononuclear, Male, Middle Aged, Mitochondria, RNA, Viral
Show Abstract · Added December 11, 2019
Some HIV-associated complications involve mitochondrial dysfunction and may be less common in individuals with iron-loading HFE (hemochromatosis gene) variants. We evaluated HFE 845A and 187G alleles in relation to mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) levels in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 85 individuals with HIV infection on uninterrupted antiretroviral therapy (ART) for 15 or more consecutive weeks. Carriers of HFE gene variants (N = 24) had significantly higher mtDNA levels than noncarriers (N = 61), after adjusting for age, race, sex, and type of ART [adjusted β-coefficient 297, p-value < .001 for at least one HFE variant], but mtDNA declined among all individuals on study during 48 weeks on ART. Increased cellular mtDNA content may represent a compensatory response to mitochondrial stress that is influenced by iron-loading HFE variants.
0 Communities
1 Members
0 Resources
MeSH Terms
Brief Report: Circulating Markers of Immunologic Activity Reflect Adiposity in Persons With HIV on Antiretroviral Therapy.
Koethe JR, Jenkins CA, Furch BD, Lake JE, Barnett L, Hager CC, Smith R, Hulgan T, Shepherd BE, Kalams SA
(2018) J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 79: 135-140
MeSH Terms: Absorptiometry, Photon, Adiposity, Adult, Anti-HIV Agents, Biomarkers, CD4 Lymphocyte Count, Female, HIV Infections, Humans, Male, Middle Aged
Show Abstract · Added December 11, 2019
BACKGROUND - Obesity alters adipose tissue immunology, and these changes may be reflected in circulating soluble inflammatory biomarker and T-cell subset profiles measured in HIV research studies.
METHODS - We recruited 70 adults with HIV (50% obese) on efavirenz, tenofovir, and emtricitabine, virologic suppression for >2 years, and no rheumatologic or other known inflammatory conditions. We measured fasting plasma levels of several markers of innate immunity and major CD4 and CD8 T-cell subsets. We assessed relationships between measurements of total adiposity [body mass index (BMI), dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry-quantified fat mass index (FMI), and plasma leptin] and the immunologic parameters using covariate-adjusted Spearman's rank correlations.
RESULTS - The cohort was 43% women, 54% nonwhite, and median age was 45 years. Higher BMI, FMI, and plasma leptin were consistently associated with higher C-reactive protein, serum amyloid A, and interleukin-6 (P < 0.01 for all), but lower interleukin-10 (P ≤ 0.02 for all). BMI and FMI were positively associated with soluble tumor necrosis factor-α receptor 1 levels (P ≤ 0.02 for both), and a positive correlation approached significance for all 3 body composition measurements with soluble CD163 (P ≤ 0.09 for all). Higher BMI and FMI were associated with lower CD38 expression on CD4 T cells (P ≤ 0.04 for both), but higher CD69 expression (P ≤ 0.01 for BMI and FMI, P = 0.07 for leptin).
CONCLUSIONS - Greater adiposity is associated with alterations in a limited set of circulating immune markers, potentially reflecting changes known to occur in adipose tissue with treated HIV infection. Measuring total fat mass radiographically did not yield substantively different results compared with BMI.
0 Communities
1 Members
0 Resources
MeSH Terms
Factors Associated With Insulin Resistance in Adults With HIV Receiving Contemporary Antiretroviral Therapy: a Brief Update.
Hulgan T
(2018) Curr HIV/AIDS Rep 15: 223-232
MeSH Terms: Adult, Anti-HIV Agents, HIV, HIV Infections, HIV Integrase Inhibitors, HIV Protease Inhibitors, Humans, Hyperglycemia, Inflammation, Insulin Resistance, Mitochondria, Obesity
Show Abstract · Added December 11, 2019
PURPOSE OF REVIEW - This narrative review summarizes recent data on factors associated with insulin resistance (IR) in adults with HIV, including contemporary antiretroviral therapy (ART).
RECENT FINDINGS - IR remains common in persons with HIV, even those receiving contemporary ART. Generalized and abdominal obesity and ectopic fat are correlates of IR, and emerging data have identified associations with biomarkers of inflammation and immune activation. Small studies suggest associations between mitochondria and IR. In ART-naïve individuals, IR increased within 4 weeks of starting ART in persons receiving contemporary boosted protease inhibitors or an integrase inhibitor. The importance of IR in non-diabetic persons with HIV will continue to grow as the population ages and obesity increases. Non-invasive estimates of IR appear to perform well in persons with HIV, but clinically relevant cutoffs are uncertain. Unexpected metabolic effects of newer HIV integrase inhibitors have been reported; thus, careful observation for and studies of IR are still warranted.
0 Communities
1 Members
0 Resources
MeSH Terms
Increased non-AIDS mortality among persons with AIDS-defining events after antiretroviral therapy initiation.
Pettit AC, Giganti MJ, Ingle SM, May MT, Shepherd BE, Gill MJ, Fätkenheuer G, Abgrall S, Saag MS, Del Amo J, Justice AC, Miro JM, Cavasinni M, Dabis F, Monforte AD, Reiss P, Guest J, Moore D, Shepherd L, Obel N, Crane HM, Smith C, Teira R, Zangerle R, Sterne JA, Sterling TR, Antiretroviral Therapy Cohort Collaboration (ART-CC) investigators
(2018) J Int AIDS Soc 21:
MeSH Terms: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, Adult, Anti-HIV Agents, Cohort Studies, Female, Humans, Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin, Male, Middle Aged, Pneumonia, Pneumocystis, Tuberculosis
Show Abstract · Added March 14, 2018
INTRODUCTION - HIV-1 infection leads to chronic inflammation and to an increased risk of non-AIDS mortality. Our objective was to determine whether AIDS-defining events (ADEs) were associated with increased overall and cause-specific non-AIDS related mortality after antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation.
METHODS - We included HIV treatment-naïve adults from the Antiretroviral Therapy Cohort Collaboration (ART-CC) who initiated ART from 1996 to 2014. Causes of death were assigned using the Coding Causes of Death in HIV (CoDe) protocol. The adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) for overall and cause-specific non-AIDS mortality among those with an ADE (all ADEs, tuberculosis (TB), Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PJP), and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL)) compared to those without an ADE was estimated using a marginal structural model.
RESULTS - The adjusted hazard of overall non-AIDS mortality was higher among those with any ADE compared to those without any ADE (aHR 2.21, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.00 to 2.43). The adjusted hazard of each of the cause-specific non-AIDS related deaths were higher among those with any ADE compared to those without, except metabolic deaths (malignancy aHR 2.59 (95% CI 2.13 to 3.14), accident/suicide/overdose aHR 1.37 (95% CI 1.05 to 1.79), cardiovascular aHR 1.95 (95% CI 1.54 to 2.48), infection aHR (95% CI 1.68 to 2.81), hepatic aHR 2.09 (95% CI 1.61 to 2.72), respiratory aHR 4.28 (95% CI 2.67 to 6.88), renal aHR 5.81 (95% CI 2.69 to 12.56) and central nervous aHR 1.53 (95% CI 1.18 to 5.44)). The risk of overall and cause-specific non-AIDS mortality differed depending on the specific ADE of interest (TB, PJP, NHL).
CONCLUSIONS - In this large multi-centre cohort collaboration with standardized assignment of causes of death, non-AIDS mortality was twice as high among patients with an ADE compared to without an ADE. However, non-AIDS related mortality after an ADE depended on the ADE of interest. Although there may be unmeasured confounders, these findings suggest that a common pathway may be independently driving both ADEs and NADE mortality. While prevention of ADEs may reduce subsequent death due to NADEs following ART initiation, modification of risk factors for NADE mortality remains important after ADE survival.
© 2018 The Authors. Journal of the International AIDS Society published by John Wiley & sons Ltd on behalf of the International AIDS Society.
0 Communities
1 Members
0 Resources
11 MeSH Terms
Adipose Tissue is Enriched for Activated and Late-Differentiated CD8+ T Cells and Shows Distinct CD8+ Receptor Usage, Compared With Blood in HIV-Infected Persons.
Koethe JR, McDonnell W, Kennedy A, Abana CO, Pilkinton M, Setliff I, Georgiev I, Barnett L, Hager CC, Smith R, Kalams SA, Hasty A, Mallal S
(2018) J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 77: e14-e21
MeSH Terms: Adipose Tissue, Adult, Anti-HIV Agents, Blood Cells, CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes, Cohort Studies, Female, HIV Infections, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, Sequence Analysis, DNA, Sustained Virologic Response, T-Lymphocyte Subsets
Show Abstract · Added March 14, 2018
BACKGROUND - Adverse viral and medication effects on adipose tissue contribute to the development of metabolic disease in HIV-infected persons, but T cells also have a central role modulating local inflammation and adipocyte function. We sought to characterize potentially proinflammatory T-cell populations in adipose tissue among persons on long-term antiretroviral therapy and assess whether adipose tissue CD8 T cells represent an expanded, oligoclonal population.
METHODS - We recruited 10 HIV-infected, non-diabetic, overweight or obese adults on efavirenz, tenofovir, and emtricitabine for >4 years with consistent viral suppression. We collected fasting blood and subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue to measure the percentage of CD4 and CD8 T cells expressing activation, exhaustion, late differentiation/senescence, and memory surface markers. We performed T-cell receptor (TCR) sequencing on sorted CD8 cells. We compared the proportion of each T-cell subset and the TCR repertoire diversity, in blood versus adipose tissue.
RESULTS - Adipose tissue had a higher percentage of CD3CD8 T cells compared with blood (61.0% vs. 51.7%, P < 0.01) and was enriched for both activated CD8HLA-DR T cells (5.5% vs. 0.9%, P < 0.01) and late-differentiated CD8CD57 T cells (37.4% vs. 22.7%, P < 0.01). Adipose tissue CD8 T cells displayed distinct TCRβ V and J gene usage, and the Shannon Entropy index, a measure of overall TCRβ repertoire diversity, was lower compared with blood (4.39 vs. 4.46; P = 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS - Adipose tissue is enriched for activated and late-differentiated CD8 T cells with distinct TCR usage. These cells may contribute to tissue inflammation and impaired adipocyte fitness in HIV-infected persons.
0 Communities
2 Members
0 Resources
15 MeSH Terms
Race/Ethnicity and the Pharmacogenetics of Reported Suicidality With Efavirenz Among Clinical Trials Participants.
Mollan KR, Tierney C, Hellwege JN, Eron JJ, Hudgens MG, Gulick RM, Haubrich R, Sax PE, Campbell TB, Daar ES, Robertson KR, Ventura D, Ma Q, Edwards DRV, Haas DW, AIDS Clinical Trials Group
(2017) J Infect Dis 216: 554-564
MeSH Terms: Adult, Alkynes, Anti-HIV Agents, Benzoxazines, Continental Population Groups, Cyclopropanes, Cytochrome P-450 CYP2A6, Cytochrome P-450 CYP2B6, Ethnic Groups, Female, Gene Frequency, Genotype, HIV Infections, Humans, Male, Pharmacogenetics, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Proportional Hazards Models, Risk Factors, Suicidal Ideation, Suicide, Treatment Outcome
Show Abstract · Added March 3, 2020
Background - We examined associations between suicidality and genotypes that predict plasma efavirenz exposure among AIDS Clinical Trials Group study participants in the United States.
Methods - Four clinical trials randomly assigned treatment-naive participants to efavirenz-containing regimens; suicidality was defined as reported suicidal ideation or attempted or completed suicide. Genotypes that predict plasma efavirenz exposure were defined by CYP2B6 and CYP2A6 polymorphisms. Associations were evaluated with weighted Cox proportional hazards models stratified by race/ethnicity. Additional analyses adjusted for genetic ancestry and selected covariates.
Results - Among 1833 participants, suicidality was documented in 41 in exposed analyses, and 34 in on-treatment analyses. In unadjusted analyses based on 12 genotype levels, suicidality increased per level in exposed (hazard ratio, 1.11; 95% confidence interval, .96-1.27) and on-treatment 1.16; 1.01-1.34) analyses. In the on-treatment analysis, the association was strongest among white but nearly null among black participants. Considering 3 metabolizer levels (extensive, intermediate and slow), slow metabolizers were at increased risk. Results were similar after baseline covariate-adjustment for genetic ancestry, sex, age, weight, injection drug use history, and psychiatric history or recent psychoactive medication.
Conclusions - Genotypes that predict higher plasma efavirenz exposure were associated with increased risk of suicidality. Strength of association varied by race/ethnicity.
© The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America.
0 Communities
1 Members
0 Resources
22 MeSH Terms
CD4:CD8 Ratio and CD8 Count as Prognostic Markers for Mortality in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Patients on Antiretroviral Therapy: The Antiretroviral Therapy Cohort Collaboration (ART-CC).
Trickey A, May MT, Schommers P, Tate J, Ingle SM, Guest JL, Gill MJ, Zangerle R, Saag M, Reiss P, Monforte AD, Johnson M, Lima VD, Sterling TR, Cavassini M, Wittkop L, Costagliola D, Sterne JAC, Antiretroviral Therapy Cohort Collaboration (ART-CC)
(2017) Clin Infect Dis 65: 959-966
MeSH Terms: Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Anti-HIV Agents, Biomarkers, CD4-CD8 Ratio, CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes, CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes, Cause of Death, Europe, Female, HIV Infections, Humans, Lymphocyte Count, Male, Middle Aged, North America, Prognosis, Proportional Hazards Models, Viral Load, Young Adult
Show Abstract · Added March 14, 2018
Background - We investigated whether CD4:CD8 ratio and CD8 count were prognostic for all-cause, AIDS, and non-AIDS mortality in virologically suppressed patients with high CD4 count.
Methods - We used data from 13 European and North American cohorts of human immunodeficiency virus-infected, antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naive adults who started ART during 1996-2010, who were followed from the date they had CD4 count ≥350 cells/μL and were virologically suppressed (baseline). We used stratified Cox models to estimate unadjusted and adjusted (for sex, people who inject drugs, ART initiation year, and baseline age, CD4 count, AIDS, duration of ART) all-cause and cause-specific mortality hazard ratios for tertiles of CD4:CD8 ratio (0-0.40, 0.41-0.64 [reference], >0.64) and CD8 count (0-760, 761-1138 [reference], >1138 cells/μL) and examined the shape of associations using cubic splines.
Results - During 276526 person-years, 1834 of 49865 patients died (249 AIDS-related; 1076 non-AIDS-defining; 509 unknown/unclassifiable deaths). There was little evidence that CD4:CD8 ratio was prognostic for all-cause mortality after adjustment for other factors: the adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) for lower vs middle tertile was 1.11 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.00-1.25). The association of CD8 count with all-cause mortality was U-shaped: aHR for higher vs middle tertile was 1.13 (95% CI, 1.01-1.26). AIDS-related mortality declined with increasing CD4:CD8 ratio and decreasing CD8 count. There was little evidence that CD4:CD8 ratio or CD8 count was prognostic for non-AIDS mortality.
Conclusions - In this large cohort collaboration, the magnitude of adjusted associations of CD4:CD8 ratio or CD8 count with mortality was too small for them to be useful as independent prognostic markers in virally suppressed patients on ART.
© The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America.
0 Communities
1 Members
0 Resources
21 MeSH Terms