Calcium-dependent interactions of the human norepinephrine transporter with syntaxin 1A.

Sung U, Blakely RD
Mol Cell Neurosci. 2007 34 (2): 251-60

PMID: 17188889 · PMCID: PMC1847414 · DOI:10.1016/j.mcn.2006.11.007

The norepinephrine (NE) transporter (NET) terminates noradrenergic signaling by clearing released NE at synapses. The activity of NET can be rapidly regulated by depolarization and receptor activation via Ca2+ and kinase/phosphatase-linked pathways. The SNARE protein syntaxin 1A (SYN1A) interacts with NET and influences transporter surface trafficking and catalytic activity. In this study, we establish a link between changes in intracellular Ca2+ and SYN1A/NET interactions. SYN1A influenced NE transport only in the presence of Ca2+ in brain cortical synaptosomes. Although NET/SYN1A associations were sensitive to manipulations of Ca2+ in CHO cells, in vitro binding experiments using purified NET and SYN1A fusion proteins demonstrated a lack of direct Ca2+ sensitivity. Disruption of NET/SYN1A interaction abolished inhibition of NE transport by phorbol ester (PMA) to activate protein kinase C (PKC), but had no effect on transport inhibition by the Ca2+ calmodulin kinase (CaMK) inhibitor KN93. Furthermore, PMA enhanced Ca2+-dependent modulation of NE transport in synaptosomes. Our data reveal roles for SYN1A in the Ca2+-dependent regulation of NET, likely reliant on regulation by PKC signaling, but independent of CaMK.

MeSH Terms (19)

Animals Calcium Cells, Cultured Cerebral Cortex Cricetinae Cricetulus Drug Interactions Enzyme Activation Humans Models, Biological Neurons Norepinephrine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins Phorbol Esters Protein Kinase C Protein Transport Synaptosomes Syntaxin 1 Time Factors Transfection

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