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W. Rathmell
Last active: 11/27/2019

Structure/Function Analysis of Recurrent Mutations in SETD2 Protein Reveals a Critical and Conserved Role for a SET Domain Residue in Maintaining Protein Stability and Histone H3 Lys-36 Trimethylation.

Hacker KE, Fahey CC, Shinsky SA, Chiang YJ, DiFiore JV, Jha DK, Vo AH, Shavit JA, Davis IJ, Strahl BD, Rathmell WK
J Biol Chem. 2016 291 (40): 21283-21295

PMID: 27528607 · PMCID: PMC5076534 · DOI:10.1074/jbc.M116.739375

The yeast Set2 histone methyltransferase is a critical enzyme that plays a number of key roles in gene transcription and DNA repair. Recently, the human homologue, SETD2, was found to be recurrently mutated in a significant percentage of renal cell carcinomas, raising the possibility that the activity of SETD2 is tumor-suppressive. Using budding yeast and human cell line model systems, we examined the functional significance of two evolutionarily conserved residues in SETD2 that are recurrently mutated in human cancers. Whereas one of these mutations (R2510H), located in the Set2 Rpb1 interaction domain, did not result in an observable defect in SETD2 enzymatic function, a second mutation in the catalytic domain of this enzyme (R1625C) resulted in a complete loss of histone H3 Lys-36 trimethylation (H3K36me3). This mutant showed unchanged thermal stability as compared with the wild type protein but diminished binding to the histone H3 tail. Surprisingly, mutation of the conserved residue in Set2 (R195C) similarly resulted in a complete loss of H3K36me3 but did not affect dimethylated histone H3 Lys-36 (H3K36me2) or functions associated with H3K36me2 in yeast. Collectively, these data imply a critical role for Arg-1625 in maintaining the protein interaction with H3 and specific H3K36me3 function of this enzyme, which is conserved from yeast to humans. They also may provide a refined biochemical explanation for how H3K36me3 loss leads to genomic instability and cancer.

© 2016 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

MeSH Terms (12)

Enzyme Stability Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase Histones Humans Methylation Methyltransferases Mutation Neoplasm Proteins Neoplasms Saccharomyces cerevisiae Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins Structure-Activity Relationship

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