Fabien Maldonado
Last active: 2/1/2016

Focal organizing pneumonia on surgical lung biopsy: causes, clinicoradiologic features, and outcomes.

Maldonado F, Daniels CE, Hoffman EA, Yi ES, Ryu JH
Chest. 2007 132 (5): 1579-83

PMID: 17890462 · DOI:10.1378/chest.07-1148

BACKGROUND - Organizing pneumonia (OP) is a histologic pattern that is morphologically distinctive but nonspecific and can be seen in diverse clinical settings. Focal OP has been described as a discrete form of OP, but relatively little is known regarding this clinicopathologic entity.

METHODS - We sought to clarify the clinicoradiologic presentation, underlying causes, and outcomes associated with focal OP by retrospectively reviewing 26 consecutive cases diagnosed by surgical lung biopsy over an 8-year period from January 1, 1997, to December 31, 2004.

RESULTS - All patients presented with an unifocal opacity detected on chest radiography (20 patients) or CT scans (6 patients). At the time of presentation, 10 patients (38%) had symptoms, including cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain; 16 patients were asymptomatic. Contrast-enhancement CT scanning or positron emission tomography (PET) scan was performed in 11 patients, and the results were positive in all. Surgical procedures included wedge resection in 21 patients (81%), segmentectomy in 3 patients (11%), and lobectomy in 2 patients (8%). Three case of focal OP (12%) were related to infections, but the remaining cases were cryptogenic. Follow-up over a median interval of 11 months (range, 1 to 71 months) yielded no recurrence of OP.

CONCLUSIONS - The radiologic features of focal OP are often indistinguishable from those of lung cancer, and include positivity on contrast-enhancement CT scan and PET scan. Most cases of focal OP are cryptogenic, and infection is identified in a minority of cases. Surgical resection alone appears to suffice in the management of cryptogenic focal OP.

MeSH Terms (16)

Adult Aged Biopsy Bronchoscopy Contrast Media Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia Female Humans Male Middle Aged Radiography, Thoracic Respiratory Function Tests Retrospective Studies Risk Factors Tomography, X-Ray Computed Treatment Outcome

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