OBJECTIVE - To study the WAF1/CIP1 gene DNA status, mRNA and protein expressions in human breast cancer cell line and its significance.
METHODS - Using cell culture, molecular biological techniques such as Southern blot, Northern blot and immunocytochemical methods, the WAF1/CIP1 gene DNA status, mRNA and protein expression levels in MCF-7 expressing wild type p53(wtp53) and MDA-MB-231 expressing mutant p53 (mtp53) human breast cancer cell lines were detected respectively. The p53 and mdm-2 protein expression levels and cytobiological features of the 2 cell lines were compared and correlated to their WAF1/CIP1 gene expression levels.
RESULTS - (1) There was no difference in WAF1/CIP1 gene DNA status in the two breast cancer cell lines. Neither of them showed gene amplificatian or deletion. However, the WAF1/CIP1 mRNA and p21WAF1/CIP1 protein expression levels of MCF-7 cells were higer than those of MDA-MB-231 cells (P < 0.05). (2) The character and cellular distribution of p53 protein in the two cell lines were clearly different. The expression level of mdm-2 proteion was significantly higher in MCE-7 than in MDA-MB-231 cells (P < 0.05). (3) Compered to the other breast cancer cell line, MCF-7 cells were better differentiated, grew more slowly and adhered more closely with each other.
CONCLUSION - The WAF1/CIP1 gene expression at mRNA and protein levels is associated with p53 phenotype and some cytobiological features of human breast cancer.