Charles Cobb
Last active: 1/20/2015

Synthesis and characterization of a novel spin-labeled affinity probe of human erythrocyte band 3: characteristics of the stilbenedisulfonate binding site.

Scothorn DJ, Wojcicki WE, Hustedt EJ, Beth AH, Cobb CE
Biochemistry. 1996 35 (21): 6931-43

PMID: 8639645 · DOI:10.1021/bi960150f

A new spin-labeled maleimide derivative of the anion exchange inhibitor 4-4'-diaminodihydrostilbene-2,2'-disulfonate (H2DADS) has been synthesized as a site-specific molecular probe of the stilbenedisulfonate binding site of the anion exchange protein 1 (AE-1; band 3) in human erythrocytes. This probe, SL-H2DADS-maleimide, specifically and covalently labels the Mr 17 kDa integral membrane segment of band 3 with a 1:1 stoichiometry and inhibits essentially 100% of the band 3-mediated anion exchange. The linear V1 EPR spectrum of spin-labeled intact erythrocytes is indicative of a spatially isolated probe which is effectively immobilized on the submicrosecond time scale. Several independent lines of experimental evidence have shown that the nitroxide moiety of SL-H2DADS-maleimide-labeled band 3 is sequestered in a highly protected protein environment. These results are consistent with the observation that the spin-label is rigidly linked to band 3 in a fixed orientation with respect to the membrane normal axis [Hustedt, E. J., & Beth, A. H., (1996) Biochemistry 35, 6944-6954]. The nitroxide moieties of the SL-H2DADS-maleimide-labeled band 3 dimer are greater than 20 A from each other and are also more than 20 A from a monomer-monomer contact surface defined by cross-linking with the spin-labeled reagent BSSDA [bis(sulfo-N-succinimidyl)doxyl-2-spiro-5'-azelate]. These properties make SL-H2DADS-maleimide an extremely useful molecular probe for characterization of the physical properties of the band 3 stilbenedisulfonate binding site, determination of distances between the stilbenedisulfonate site and other segments of band 3, and investigation of the global rotational dynamics of human erythrocyte band 3.

MeSH Terms (10)

4-Acetamido-4'-isothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic Acid Affinity Labels Anion Exchange Protein 1, Erythrocyte Biological Transport Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy Erythrocyte Membrane Humans Indicators and Reagents Spin Labels Sulfates

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