Metabolic profiling of macrophage metabolic response upon exposure to 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) demonstrates that HNE does not simply inactivate superoxide-generating enzymes but also could be responsible for the impairment of downfield signaling pathways. Multianalyte microphysiometry (MAMP) was employed to simultaneously measure perturbations in extracellular acidification, lactate production, and oxygen consumption for the examination of aerobic and anaerobic pathways. Combining the activation of oxidative burst with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) and the immunosuppression with HNE, the complex nature of HNE toxicity was determined to be concentration- and time-dependent. Further analysis was utilized to assess the temporal effect of HNE on reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and on protein kinase C (PKC). Increased levels of HNE with decreasing PKC activity suggest that PKC is a target for HNE adductation prior to oxidative burst. Additionally, localization of PKC to the cell membrane was prevented with the introduction of HNE, demonstrating a consequence of HNE adductation on NADPH activation. The impairment of ROS by HNE suggests that HNE has a greater role in foam cell formation and tissue damage than is already known. Although work has been performed to understand the effect of HNE's regulation of specific signaling pathways, details regarding its involvement in cellular metabolism as a whole are generally unknown. This study examines the impact of HNE on macrophage oxidative burst and identifies PKC as a key protein for HNE suppression and eventual metabolic response.