Sarah Collier
Last active: 4/7/2017

Genetic variation in the UGT1A locus is associated with simvastatin efficacy in a clinical practice setting.

Iwuchukwu OF, Feng Q, Wei WQ, Jiang L, Jiang M, Xu H, Denny JC, Wilke RA, Krauss RM, Roden DM, Stein CM
Pharmacogenomics. 2014 15 (14): 1739-1747

PMID: 25493567 · PMCID: PMC4292894 · DOI:10.2217/pgs.14.128

Aim: Simvastatin is a lactone prodrug that exists in equilibrium with its active hydroxyacid through a process mediated by UGT1A enzymes. The UGT1A locus has been associated with simvastatin response and disposition in humans. Therefore, we fine-mapped the UGT1A locus to identify genetic variations contributing to simvastatin disposition and response variability. Methods: Using de-identified electronic medical records linked to a DNA biobank, we extracted information about dose and low-density lipo-protein cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations for patients who received more than two different doses of simvastatin. Pharmacodynamic measures of simvastatin potency and efficacy were calculated from dose-response curves (E = baseline LDL-C, ED = dose yielding 50% maximum response, and E = maximum decrease in LDL-C) in 1100 patients. We selected 153 polymorphisms in UGT1A1 and UGT1A3 for genotyping and conducted genotype-phenotype associations using a prespecified additive model. Results: Two variants in UGT1A1 (rs2003569 and rs12052787) were associated with E (p = 0.0059 and 0.031, respectively; for rs2003569 the mean E was 59.3 ± 23.0, 62.0 ± 22.4, and 69.7 ± 24.8 mg/dl, for patients with 0, 1 or 2 copies of the minor A allele, respectively). When stratified by race, the difference in response was greater in African-Americans than in European Americans. Rs2003569 was also negatively associated with total serum bilirubin levels (p = 7.85 × 10). Four rare SNPs were nominally associated with E and ED. Conclusion: We identified a UGT1A1 promoter variant (rs2003569) associated with simvastatin efficacy. Original submitted 26 March 2014; Revision submitted 26 August 2014.

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