Sarah Collier
Last active: 4/7/2017

Predicting clopidogrel response using DNA samples linked to an electronic health record.

Delaney JT, Ramirez AH, Bowton E, Pulley JM, Basford MA, Schildcrout JS, Shi Y, Zink R, Oetjens M, Xu H, Cleator JH, Jahangir E, Ritchie MD, Masys DR, Roden DM, Crawford DC, Denny JC
Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2012 91 (2): 257-63

PMID: 22190063 · PMCID: PMC3621954 · DOI:10.1038/clpt.2011.221

Variants in ABCB1 and CYP2C19 have been identified as predictors of cardiac events during clopidogrel therapy initiated after myocardial infarction (MI) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In addition, PON1 has recently been associated with stent thrombosis. The reported effects of these variants have not yet been replicated in a real-world setting. We used BioVU, the Vanderbilt DNA repository linked to de-identified electronic health records (EHRs), to find data on patients who were on clopidogrel treatment after an MI and/or a PCI; among these, we identified those who had experienced one or more recurrent cardiac events while on treatment (cases, n = 225) and those who had not experienced any cardiac event while on treatment (controls, n = 468). We found that CYP2C19*2 (hazard ratio (HR) 1.54, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.16-2.06, P = 0.003) and ABCB1 (HR 1.28, 95% CI 1.04-1.57, P = 0.018), but not PON1 (HR 0.91, 95% CI 0.73-1.12, P = 0.370), were associated with recurrent events. In this population, genetic signals for clopidogrel resistance in ABCB1 and CYP2C19 were replicated, supporting the use of EHRs for pharmacogenomic studies. Our data do not show an association between PON1 and recurrent cardiovascular events.

MeSH Terms (21)

Aged Aryldialkylphosphatase Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 Clopidogrel Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19 Databases, Nucleic Acid Electronic Health Records Female Genotype Humans Male Myocardial Infarction Pharmacogenetics Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors Polymorphism, Genetic Stents Thrombosis Ticlopidine Treatment Outcome

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