Knockdown of triglyceride synthesis does not enhance palmitate lipotoxicity or prevent oleate-mediated rescue in rat hepatocytes.

Leamy AK, Hasenour CM, Egnatchik RA, Trenary IA, Yao CH, Patti GJ, Shiota M, Young JD
Biochim Biophys Acta. 2016 1861 (9 Pt A): 1005-1014

PMID: 27249207 · PMCID: PMC4947436 · DOI:10.1016/j.bbalip.2016.05.013

Experiments in a variety of cell types, including hepatocytes, consistently demonstrate the acutely lipotoxic effects of saturated fatty acids, such as palmitate (PA), but not unsaturated fatty acids, such as oleate (OA). PA+OA co-treatment fully prevents PA lipotoxicity through mechanisms that are not well defined but which have been previously attributed to more efficient esterification and sequestration of PA into triglycerides (TGs) when OA is abundant. However, this hypothesis has never been directly tested by experimentally modulating the relative partitioning of PA/OA between TGs and other lipid fates in hepatocytes. In this study, we found that addition of OA to PA-treated hepatocytes enhanced TG synthesis, reduced total PA uptake and PA lipid incorporation, decreased phospholipid saturation and rescued PA-induced ER stress and lipoapoptosis. Knockdown of diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT), the rate-limiting step in TG synthesis, significantly reduced TG accumulation without impairing OA-mediated rescue of PA lipotoxicity. In both wild-type and DGAT-knockdown hepatocytes, OA co-treatment significantly reduced PA lipid incorporation and overall phospholipid saturation compared to PA-treated hepatocytes. These data indicate that OA's protective effects do not require increased conversion of PA into inert TGs, but instead may be due to OA's ability to compete against PA for cellular uptake and/or esterification and, thereby, normalize the composition of cellular lipids in the presence of a toxic PA load.

Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (13)

Animals Apoptosis Diacylglycerol O-Acyltransferase Esterification Gene Knockout Techniques Hepatocytes Lipid Metabolism Lipogenesis Oleic Acid Oxidative Stress Palmitic Acid Rats Triglycerides

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