Donna Webb
Last active: 2/5/2016

Actin and Actin-Binding Proteins: Masters of Dendritic Spine Formation, Morphology, and Function.

Lin WH, Webb DJ
Open Neurosci J. 2009 3: 54-66

PMID: 20717495 · PMCID: PMC2921857 · DOI:10.2174/1874082000903020054

Dendritic spines are actin-rich protrusions that comprise the postsynaptic sites of synapses and receive the majority of excitatory synaptic inputs in the central nervous system. These structures are central to cognitive processes, and alterations in their number, size, and morphology are associated with many neurological disorders. Although the actin cytoskeleton is thought to govern spine formation, morphology, and synaptic functions, we are only beginning to understand how modulation of actin reorganization by actin-binding proteins (ABPs) contributes to the function of dendritic spines and synapses. In this review, we discuss what is currently known about the role of ABPs in regulating the formation, morphology, motility, and plasticity of dendritic spines and synapses.

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