Kevin Schey
Last active: 3/24/2020

Cellular mRNA export factor UAP56 recognizes nucleic acid binding site of influenza virus NP protein.

Morris AK, Wang Z, Ivey AL, Xie Y, Hill PS, Schey KL, Ren Y
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2020 525 (2): 259-264

PMID: 32085897 · PMCID: PMC7132624 · DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2020.02.059

Influenza A virus nucleoprotein (NP) is a structural component that encapsulates the viral genome into the form of ribonucleoprotein complexes (vRNPs). Efficient assembly of vRNPs is critical for the virus life cycle. The assembly route from RNA-free NP to the NP-RNA polymer in vRNPs has been suggested to require a cellular factor UAP56, but the mechanism is poorly understood. Here, we characterized the interaction between NP and UAP56 using recombinant proteins and showed that UAP56 features two NP binding sites. In addition to the UAP56 core comprised of two RecA domains, we identified the N-terminal extension (NTE) of UAP56 as a previously unknown NP binding site. In particular, UAP56-NTE recognizes the nucleic acid binding region of NP. This corroborates our observation that binding of UAP56-NTE and RNA to NP is mutually exclusive. Collectively, our results reveal the molecular basis for how UAP56 acts on RNA-free NP, and provide new insights into NP-mediated influenza genome packaging.

Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (12)

Binding Sites DEAD-box RNA Helicases Genome, Viral Host-Pathogen Interactions Humans Nucleocapsid Proteins Ribonucleoproteins RNA, Messenger RNA-Binding Proteins Viral Core Proteins Virus Assembly Virus Replication

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