Kevin Schey
Last active: 3/24/2020

The Role of Aquaporins in Ocular Lens Homeostasis.

Schey KL, Petrova RS, Gletten RB, Donaldson PJ
Int J Mol Sci. 2017 18 (12)

PMID: 29231874 · PMCID: PMC5751294 · DOI:10.3390/ijms18122693

Aquaporins (AQPs), by playing essential roles in the maintenance of ocular lens homeostasis, contribute to the establishment and maintenance of the overall optical properties of the lens over many decades of life. Three aquaporins, AQP0, AQP1 and AQP5, each with distinctly different functional properties, are abundantly and differentially expressed in the different regions of the ocular lens. Furthermore, the diversity of AQP functionality is increased in the absence of protein turnover by age-related modifications to lens AQPs that are proposed to alter AQP function in the different regions of the lens. These regional differences in AQP functionality are proposed to contribute to the generation and directionality of the lens internal microcirculation; a system of circulating ionic and fluid fluxes that delivers nutrients to and removes wastes from the lens faster than could be achieved by passive diffusion alone. In this review, we present how regional differences in lens AQP isoforms potentially contribute to this microcirculation system by highlighting current areas of investigation and emphasizing areas where future work is required.

MeSH Terms (10)

Animals Aquaporins Biological Transport, Active Eye Proteins Homeostasis Humans Lens, Crystalline Permeability Protein Isoforms Water

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