The effect of the local delivery of platelet-derived growth factor from reactive two-component polyurethane scaffolds on the healing in rat skin excisional wounds.

Li B, Davidson JM, Guelcher SA
Biomaterials. 2009 30 (20): 3486-94

PMID: 19328544 · PMCID: PMC2683181 · DOI:10.1016/j.biomaterials.2009.03.008

A key tenet of tissue engineering is the principle that the scaffold can perform the dual roles of biomechanical and biochemical support through presentation of the appropriate mediators to surrounding tissue. While growth factors have been incorporated into scaffolds to achieve sustained release, there are a limited number of studies investigating release of biologically active molecules from reactive two-component polymers, which have potential application as injectable delivery systems. In this study, we report the sustained release of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) from a reactive two-component polyurethane. The release of PDGF was bi-phasic, characterized by an initial burst followed by a period of sustained release for up to 21 days. Despite the potential for amine and hydroxyl groups in the protein to react with the isocyanate groups in the reactive polyurethane, the in vitro bioactivity of the released PDGF was largely preserved when added as a lyophilized powder. PUR/PDGF scaffolds implanted in rat skin excisional wounds accelerated wound healing relative to the blank PUR control, resulting in almost complete healing with reepithelization at day 14. The presence of PDGF attracted both fibroblasts and mononuclear cells, significantly accelerating degradation of the polymer and enhancing formation of new granulation tissue as early as day 3. The ability of reactive two-component PUR scaffolds to promote new tissue formation in vivo through local delivery of PDGF may present compelling opportunities for the development of novel injectable therapeutics.

MeSH Terms (22)

3T3 Cells Animals Becaplermin Biocompatible Materials Cell Proliferation Gelatin Heparin Lactic Acid Male Materials Testing Mice Microspheres Platelet-Derived Growth Factor Polyglycolic Acid Polylactic Acid-Polyglycolic Acid Copolymer Polyurethanes Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-sis Rats Rats, Sprague-Dawley Skin Tissue Scaffolds Wound Healing

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