Alexander Gelbard
Last active: 7/30/2020

Subglottic stenosis and endobronchial disease in granulomatosis with polyangiitis.

Quinn KA, Gelbard A, Sibley C, Sirajuddin A, Ferrada MA, Chen M, Cuthbertson D, Carette S, Khalidi NA, Koening CL, Langford CA, McAlear CA, Monach PA, Moreland LW, Pagnoux C, Seo P, Specks U, Sreih AG, Ytterberg SR, Merkel PA, Grayson PC
Rheumatology (Oxford). 2019 58 (12): 2203-2211

PMID: 31199488 · DOI:10.1093/rheumatology/kez217

OBJECTIVES - To describe tracheobronchial disease in patients with granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) and evaluate the utility of dynamic expiratory CT to detect large-airway disease.

METHODS - Demographic and clinical features associated with the presence of subglottic stenosis (SGS) or endobronchial involvement were assessed in a multicentre, observational cohort of patients with GPA. A subset of patients with GPA from a single-centre cohort underwent dynamic chest CT to evaluate the airways.

RESULTS - Among 962 patients with GPA, SGS and endobronchial disease were identified in 95 (10%) and 59 (6%) patients, respectively. Patients with SGS were more likely to be female (72% vs 53%, P < 0.01), younger at time of diagnosis (36 vs 49 years, P < 0.01), and have saddle-nose deformities (28% vs 10%, P < 0.01), but were less likely to have renal involvement (39% vs 62%, P < 0.01). Patients with endobronchial disease were more likely to be PR3-ANCA positive (85% vs 66%, P < 0.01), with more ENT involvement (97% vs 77%, P < 0.01) and less renal involvement (42% vs 62%, P < 0.01). Disease activity in patients with large-airway disease was commonly isolated to the subglottis/upper airway (57%) or bronchi (32%). Seven of 23 patients screened by dynamic chest CT had large-airway pathology, including four patients with chronic, unexplained cough, discovered to have tracheobronchomalacia.

CONCLUSION - SGS and endobronchial disease occur in 10% and 6% of patients with GPA, respectively, and may occur without disease activity in other organs. Dynamic expiratory chest CT is a potential non-invasive screening test for large-airway involvement in GPA.

© The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Rheumatology. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

MeSH Terms (14)

Adult Aged Bronchial Diseases Female Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis Humans Laryngostenosis Male Middle Aged Myeloblastin Peroxidase Tomography, X-Ray Computed Tracheal Stenosis Tracheobronchomalacia

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