Henry Ong
Post-Doctoral Fellow
Last active: 4/25/2016

A new approach for simultaneous measurement of ADC and T2 from echoes generated via multiple coherence transfer pathways.

Ong H, Chin CL, Wehrli SL, Tang X, Wehrli FW
J Magn Reson. 2005 173 (1): 153-9

PMID: 15705523 · DOI:10.1016/j.jmr.2004.11.030

The study of rotational and translational diffusion requires the measurement of both T2 and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), quantities that are typically measured in separate experiments. The exploitation of echoes generated via multiple coherence transfer pathways offers an opportunity for measuring T2 and ADC values simultaneously in a single experiment. A series of RF pulses can generate multiple echoes via different coherence pathways with each one being uniquely encoded. Here, we demonstrate one pulse sequence that uses an initial theta; RF pulse to generate three coherence orders (C = 0, -1, +1). In the particular version of the method discussed here only two are used (C = 0, +1). Each order is encoded with a different b value from which the ADC is derived. The coherence order echo C = 0 is refocused to quantify T2. The performance of the method--dubbed simultaneous measurement of ADC and relaxation time (SMART)--is demonstrated on a set of samples differing in T2 and ADC achieved by varying the relative volume fractions in mixtures of gadolinium-doped H2O and D2O. The regional SMART derived T2 and ADC agree well with those obtained with conventional double-spin-echo and pulsed gradient spin-echo methods.

MeSH Terms (7)

Contrast Media Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging Feasibility Studies Gadolinium DTPA Image Enhancement Phantoms, Imaging Water

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