PURPOSE - To compare plasma levels of oxidative stress biomarkers in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and controls and to evaluate a potential relationship between biochemical markers of oxidative stress and AMD susceptibility genotypes.
DESIGN - Prospective case-control study.
METHODS - Plasma levels of oxidative stress biomarkers were determined in 77 AMD patients and 75 controls recruited from a clinical practice. Cysteine, cystine (CySS), glutathione, isoprostane, and isofuran were measured, and participants were genotyped for polymorphisms in the complement factor H (CFH) and age-related maculopathy susceptibility 2 (ARMS2) genes.
RESULTS - CySS was elevated in cases compared with controls (P = .013). After adjustment for age, sex, and smoking, this association was not significant. In all participants, CySS levels were associated with the CFH polymorphism rs3753394 (P = .028) as well as an 8-allele CFH haplotype (P = .029) after correction for age, gender, and smoking. None of the other plasma markers was related to AMD status in our cohort.
CONCLUSIONS - Our investigation of the gene-environment interaction involved in AMD revealed a relationship between a plasma biomarker of oxidative stress, CySS, and CFH genotype. These data suggest a potential association between inflammatory regulators and redox status in AMD pathogenesis.
Copyright Â© 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.