Nonenzymatic free radical-catalyzed generation of 15-deoxy-Δ(12,14)-prostaglandin J₂-like compounds (deoxy-J₂-isoprostanes) in vivo.

Hardy KD, Cox BE, Milne GL, Yin H, Roberts LJ
J Lipid Res. 2011 52 (1): 113-24

PMID: 20944061 · PMCID: PMC2999919 · DOI:10.1194/jlr.M010264

15-Deoxy-Δ(12,14)-prostaglandin J₂ (15-d-PGJ₂) is a reactive cyclopentenone eicosanoid generated from the dehydration of cyclooxygenase-derived prostaglandin D₂ (PGD₂). This compound possesses an α,β-unsaturated carbonyl moiety that can readily adduct thiol-containing biomolecules such as glutathione and cysteine residues of proteins via the Michael addition. Due to its reactivity, 15-d-PGJ₂ is thought to modulate inflammatory and apoptotic processes and is believed to be an endogenous ligand for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ. However, the extent to which 15-d-PGJ₂ is formed in vivo and the mechanisms that regulate its formation are unknown. Previously, we have reported the formation of PGD₂ and PGJ₂-like compounds, termed D₂/J₂-isoprostanes (D₂/J₂-IsoPs), produced in vivo by the free radical-catalyzed peroxidation of arachidonic acid (AA). Based on these findings, we investigated whether 15-d-PGJ₂-like compounds are also formed via this nonenzymatic pathway. Here we report the generation of novel 15-d-PGJ₂-like compounds, termed deoxy-J₂-isoprostanes (deoxy-J₂-IsoPs), in vivo, via the nonenzymatic peroxidation of AA. Levels of deoxy-J₂-IsoPs increased 12-fold (6.4 ± 1.1 ng/g liver) in rats after oxidant insult by CCl₄ treatment, compared with basal levels (0.55 ± 0.21 ng/g liver). These compounds may have important bioactivities in vivo under conditions associated with oxidant stress.

MeSH Terms (15)

Animals Arachidonic Acid Catalysis Free Radicals Glutathione Humans Isoprostanes Kinetics Ligands Liver Male Oxidative Stress Prostaglandin D2 Rats Rats, Sprague-Dawley

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