Michael Waterman
Faculty Member
Last active: 2/12/2015

Deletion within the CYP17 gene together with insertion of foreign DNA is the cause of combined complete 17 alpha-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase deficiency in an Italian patient.

Biason A, Mantero F, Scaroni C, Simpson ER, Waterman MR
Mol Endocrinol. 1991 5 (12): 2037-45

PMID: 1665206 · DOI:10.1210/mend-5-12-2037

The molecular basis of 17 alpha-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase deficiency syndrome in a 14-yr-old 46,XY Italian patient was investigated by amplification, subcloning, and sequencing of specific exonic sequences from genomic DNA samples. A homozygous mutation, consisting of a 518-basepair (bp) deletion combined with a 469-bp insertion, was identified in the CYP17 gene of the patient. The deletion spans much of exon II, the whole intron 2, and a portion of exon III. A part (156 bp) of the inserted sequence shows 95.5% identity to the nuclear antigen-binding site on Marek disease virus DNA and sequences found in rearranged mitochondrial DNA of rat hepatoma cells. A similar degree of sequence identity (99%) was also found between the above sequences and part of the lac operon of E. coli. The inserted sequence is lacking the BamHI site in intron 2 of CYP17 and contains an in-frame stop codon (TAA). Thus, the mutated gene encodes a truncated nonfunctional steroid hydroxylase, giving rise to symptoms associated with complete combined 17 alpha-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase deficiency. The family history revealed that the patient is the child of a consanguineous marriage and has two genotypically and phenotypically female sisters also suffering from symptoms of the disease. Investigation of genomic DNA from these sisters revealed that in each case both CYP17 alleles contained the same mutation. On the other hand, the parents were found to be heterozygous for this mutation. The insertion could not be found in DNA from normal individuals or in the CYP17 gene of other Italian patients with the 17 alpha-hydroxylase deficiency syndrome.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH Terms (20)

Adolescent Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital Aldehyde-Lyases Base Sequence Blotting, Southern Chromosome Deletion Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System DNA DNA Transposable Elements Exons Humans Introns Italy Male Metabolism, Inborn Errors Molecular Sequence Data Mutation Polymerase Chain Reaction Steroid 17-alpha-Hydroxylase Syndrome

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