Michael Stone
Faculty Member
Last active: 1/20/2015

Chemistry and structural biology of DNA damage and biological consequences.

Stone MP, Huang H, Brown KL, Shanmugam G
Chem Biodivers. 2011 8 (9): 1571-615

PMID: 21922653 · PMCID: PMC3714022 · DOI:10.1002/cbdv.201100033

The formation of adducts by the reaction of chemicals with DNA is a critical step for the initiation of carcinogenesis. The structural analysis of various DNA adducts reveals that conformational and chemical rearrangements and interconversions are a common theme. Conformational changes are modulated both by the nature of adduct and the base sequences neighboring the lesion sites. Equilibria between conformational states may modulate both DNA repair and error-prone replication past these adducts. Likewise, chemical rearrangements of initially formed DNA adducts are also modulated both by the nature of adducts and the base sequences neighboring the lesion sites. In this review, we focus on DNA damage caused by a number of environmental and endogenous agents, and biological consequences.

2011 Verlag Helvetica Chimica Acta AG, Z├╝rich.

MeSH Terms (6)

DNA DNA Adducts DNA Damage DNA Repair DNA Replication Nucleic Acid Conformation

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