Michael Stone
Faculty Member
Last active: 1/20/2015

Differential base stacking interactions induced by trimethylene interstrand DNA cross-links in the 5'-CpG-3' and 5'-GpC-3' sequence contexts.

Huang H, Dooley PA, Harris CM, Harris TM, Stone MP
Chem Res Toxicol. 2009 22 (11): 1810-6

PMID: 19916525 · PMCID: PMC2778138 · DOI:10.1021/tx900225c

Synthetically derived trimethylene interstrand DNA cross-links have been used as surrogates for the native cross-links that arise from the 1,N(2)-deoxyguanosine adducts derived from alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehydes. The native enal-mediated cross-linking occurs in the 5'-CpG-3' sequence context but not in the 5'-GpC-3' sequence context. The ability of the native enal-derived 1,N(2)-dG adducts to induce interstrand DNA cross-links in the 5'-CpG-3' sequence as opposed to the 5'-GpC-3' sequence is attributed to the destabilization of the DNA duplex in the latter sequence context. Here, we report higher accuracy solution structures of the synthetically derived trimethylene cross-links, which are refined from NMR data with the AMBER force field. When the synthetic trimethylene cross-links are placed into either the 5'-CpG-3' or the 5'-GpC-3' sequence contexts, the DNA duplex maintains B-DNA geometry with structural perturbations confined to the cross-linked base pairs. Watson-Crick hydrogen bonding is conserved throughout the duplexes. Although different from canonical B-DNA stacking, the cross-linked and the neighbor base pairs stack in the 5'-CpG-3' sequence. In contrast, the stacking at the cross-linked base pairs in the 5'-GpC-3' sequence is greatly perturbed. The pi-stacking interactions between the cross-linked and the neighbor base pairs are reduced. This is consistent with remarkable chemical shift perturbations of the C(5) H5 and H6 nucleobase protons that shifted downfield by 0.4-0.5 ppm. In contrast, these chemical shift perturbations in the 5'-CpG-3' sequence are not remarkable, consistent with the stacked structure. The differential stacking of the base pairs at the cross-linking region probably explains the difference in stabilities of the trimethylene cross-links in the 5'-CpG-3' and 5'-GpC-3' sequence contexts and might, in turn, account for the sequence selectivity of the interstrand cross-link formation induced by the native enal-derived 1,N(2)-dG adducts.

MeSH Terms (9)

Base Pairing Base Sequence Cross-Linking Reagents Cyclopropanes DNA DNA Adducts Hydrogen Bonding Nucleic Acid Conformation Oligodeoxyribonucleotides

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