Ned Porter
Faculty Member
Last active: 5/29/2014

Formation of highly reactive A-ring and J-ring isoprostane-like compounds (A4/J4-neuroprostanes) in vivo from docosahexaenoic acid.

Fam SS, Murphey LJ, Terry ES, Zackert WE, Chen Y, Gao L, Pandalai S, Milne GL, Roberts LJ, Porter NA, Montine TJ, Morrow JD
J Biol Chem. 2002 277 (39): 36076-84

PMID: 12133837 · DOI:10.1074/jbc.M205638200

Free radical-initiated oxidant injury and lipid peroxidation have been implicated in a number of neural disorders. Docosahexaenoic acid is the most abundant unsaturated fatty acid in the central nervous system. We have shown previously that this 22-carbon fatty acid can yield, upon oxidation, isoprostane-like compounds termed neuroprostanes, with E/D-type prostane rings (E(4)/D(4)-neuroprostanes). Eicosanoids with E/D-type prostane rings are unstable and dehydrate to cyclopentenone-containing compounds possessing A-type and J-type prostane rings, respectively. We thus explored whether cyclopentenone neuroprostanes (A(4)/J(4)-neuroprostanes) are formed from the dehydration of E(4)/D(4)-neuroprostanes. Indeed, oxidation of docosahexaenoic acid in vitro increased levels of putative A(4)/J(4)-neuroprostanes 64-fold from 88 +/- 43 to 5463 +/- 2579 ng/mg docosahexaenoic acid. Chemical approaches and liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry definitively identified them as A(4)/J(4)-neuroprostanes. We subsequently showed these compounds are formed in significant amounts from a biological source, rat brain synaptosomes. A(4)/J(4)-neuroprostanes increased 13-fold, from a basal level of 89 +/- 72 ng/mg protein to 1187 +/- 217 ng/mg (n = 4), upon oxidation. We also detected these compounds in very large amounts in fresh brain tissue from rats at levels of 97 +/- 25 ng/g brain tissue (n = 3) and from humans at levels of 98 +/- 26 ng/g brain tissue (n = 5), quantities that are nearly an order of magnitude higher than other classes of neuroprostanes. Because of the fact that A(4)/J(4)-neuroprostanes contain highly reactive cyclopentenone ring structures, it would be predicted that they readily undergo Michael addition with glutathione and adduct covalently to proteins. Indeed, incubation of A(4)/J(4)-neuroprostanes in vitro with excess glutathione resulted in the formation of large amounts of adducts. Thus, these studies have identified novel, highly reactive A/J-ring isoprostane-like compounds that are derived from docosahexaenoic acid in vivo.

MeSH Terms (20)

Animals Brain Chromatography Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid Chromatography, Thin Layer Cyclopentanes DNA Adducts Docosahexaenoic Acids Free Radicals Humans Ions Isoprostanes Male Models, Chemical Oxygen Rats Rats, Sprague-Dawley Stereoisomerism Synaptosomes Time Factors

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