Bruce Compas
Faculty Member
Last active: 3/20/2014

Reducing youth internalizing symptoms: effects of a family-based preventive intervention on parental guilt induction and youth cognitive style.

McKee LG, Parent J, Forehand R, Rakow A, Watson KH, Dunbar JP, Reising MM, Hardcastle E, Compas BE
Dev Psychopathol. 2014 26 (2): 319-32

PMID: 24438999 · PMCID: PMC4259150 · DOI:10.1017/S0954579413001016

This study utilized structural equation modeling to examine the associations among parental guilt induction (a form of psychological control), youth cognitive style, and youth internalizing symptoms, with parents and youth participating in a randomized controlled trial of a family-based group cognitive-behavioral preventive intervention targeting families with a history of caregiver depression. The authors present separate models utilizing parent report and youth report of internalizing symptoms. Findings suggest that families in the active condition (family-based group cognitive-behavioral group) relative to the comparison condition showed a significant decline in parent use of guilt induction at the conclusion of the intervention (6 months postbaseline). Furthermore, reductions in parental guilt induction at 6 months were associated with significantly lower levels of youth negative cognitive style at 12 months. Finally, reductions in parental use of guilt induction were associated with lower youth internalizing symptoms 1 year following the conclusion of the intervention (18 months postbaseline).

MeSH Terms (17)

Adolescent Adult Child Child of Impaired Parents Cognition Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Depression Depressive Disorder, Major Family Therapy Female Guilt Humans Male Parenting Psychiatric Status Rating Scales Psychological Tests Psychology, Adolescent

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