Keith Wilson
Faculty Member
Last active: 8/13/2019

Helicobacter pylori and gastric cancer: factors that modulate disease risk.

Wroblewski LE, Peek RM, Wilson KT
Clin Microbiol Rev. 2010 23 (4): 713-39

PMID: 20930071 · PMCID: PMC2952980 · DOI:10.1128/CMR.00011-10

Helicobacter pylori is a gastric pathogen that colonizes approximately 50% of the world's population. Infection with H. pylori causes chronic inflammation and significantly increases the risk of developing duodenal and gastric ulcer disease and gastric cancer. Infection with H. pylori is the strongest known risk factor for gastric cancer, which is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Once H. pylori colonizes the gastric environment, it persists for the lifetime of the host, suggesting that the host immune response is ineffective in clearing this bacterium. In this review, we discuss the host immune response and examine other host factors that increase the pathogenic potential of this bacterium, including host polymorphisms, alterations to the apical-junctional complex, and the effects of environmental factors. In addition to host effects and responses, H. pylori strains are genetically diverse. We discuss the main virulence determinants in H. pylori strains and the correlation between these and the diverse clinical outcomes following H. pylori infection. Since H. pylori inhibits the gastric epithelium of half of the world, it is crucial that we continue to gain understanding of host and microbial factors that increase the risk of developing more severe clinical outcomes.

MeSH Terms (14)

Adenocarcinoma Antigens, Bacterial Bacterial Proteins Chronic Disease Environment Helicobacter Infections Helicobacter pylori Humans Inflammation Polymorphism, Genetic Risk Factors Stomach Neoplasms Stomach Ulcer Virulence Factors

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