Peter Weil
Faculty Member
Last active: 11/4/2015

Direct TFIIA-TFIID protein contacts drive budding yeast ribosomal protein gene transcription.

Layer JH, Weil PA
J Biol Chem. 2013 288 (32): 23273-94

PMID: 23814059 · PMCID: PMC3743499 · DOI:10.1074/jbc.M113.486829

We have previously shown that yeast TFIID provides coactivator function on the promoters of ribosomal protein-encoding genes (RPGs) by making direct contact with the transactivator repressor activator protein 1 (Rap1). Further, our structural studies of assemblies generated with purified Rap1, TFIID, and TFIIA on RPG enhancer-promoter DNA indicate that Rap1-TFIID interaction induces dramatic conformational rearrangements of enhancer-promoter DNA and TFIID-bound TFIIA. These data indicate a previously unknown yet critical role for yeast TFIIA in the integration of activator-TFIID contacts with promoter conformation and downstream preinitiation complex formation and/or function. Here we describe the use of systematic mutagenesis to define how specific TFIIA contacts contribute to these processes. We have verified that TFIIA is required for RPG transcription in vivo and in vitro, consistent with the existence of a critical Rap1-TFIIA-TFIID interaction network. We also identified essential points of contact for TFIIA and Rap1 within the Rap1 binding domain of the Taf4 subunit of TFIID. These data suggest a mechanism for how interactions between TFIID, TFIIA, and Rap1 contribute to the high rate of transcription initiation seen on RPGs in vivo.

MeSH Terms (12)

Enhancer Elements, Genetic Mutagenesis Protein Binding Ribosomal Proteins Saccharomyces cerevisiae Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins TATA-Binding Protein Associated Factors Telomere-Binding Proteins Transcription Factors Transcription Factor TFIIA Transcription Factor TFIID Transcription Initiation, Genetic

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