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We demonstrate, utilizing a temperature conditional mutant allele of the gene encoding TAF25p, that this non-histone-like TBP-associated factor, which is shared between the TFIID and SAGA complexes, is required for bulk mRNA gene transcription by RNA polymerase II in vivo. Immunoblotting experiments indicate that at the restrictive temperature, inactivation of TAF25p function results in a reduction of the levels of numerous TFIID and SAGA subunits, indicating its loss of function, like the histone-like TAFs, causes degradation of the constituents of these two multisubunit complexes. These data suggest that TAF25p plays a key structural role in maintaining TFIID and SAGA complex integrity. This is the first demonstration that a non-histone-like TAF is required for continuous, high level RNA polymerase II-mediated mRNA gene transcription in living yeast cells.