David Tabb
Faculty Member
Last active: 6/26/2014

QC metrics from CPTAC raw LC-MS/MS data interpreted through multivariate statistics.

Wang X, Chambers MC, Vega-Montoto LJ, Bunk DM, Stein SE, Tabb DL
Anal Chem. 2014 86 (5): 2497-509

PMID: 24494671 · PMCID: PMC3982976 · DOI:10.1021/ac4034455

Shotgun proteomics experiments integrate a complex sequence of processes, any of which can introduce variability. Quality metrics computed from LC-MS/MS data have relied upon identifying MS/MS scans, but a new mode for the QuaMeter software produces metrics that are independent of identifications. Rather than evaluating each metric independently, we have created a robust multivariate statistical toolkit that accommodates the correlation structure of these metrics and allows for hierarchical relationships among data sets. The framework enables visualization and structural assessment of variability. Study 1 for the Clinical Proteomics Technology Assessment for Cancer (CPTAC), which analyzed three replicates of two common samples at each of two time points among 23 mass spectrometers in nine laboratories, provided the data to demonstrate this framework, and CPTAC Study 5 provided data from complex lysates under Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) to complement these findings. Identification-independent quality metrics enabled the differentiation of sites and run-times through robust principal components analysis and subsequent factor analysis. Dissimilarity metrics revealed outliers in performance, and a nested ANOVA model revealed the extent to which all metrics or individual metrics were impacted by mass spectrometer and run time. Study 5 data revealed that even when SOPs have been applied, instrument-dependent variability remains prominent, although it may be reduced, while within-site variability is reduced significantly. Finally, identification-independent quality metrics were shown to be predictive of identification sensitivity in these data sets. QuaMeter and the associated multivariate framework are available from http://fenchurch.mc.vanderbilt.edu and http://homepages.uc.edu/~wang2x7/ , respectively.

MeSH Terms (9)

Analysis of Variance Chromatography, Liquid Humans Multivariate Analysis Neoplasm Proteins Neoplasms Quality Control Reproducibility of Results Tandem Mass Spectrometry

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