Peptide sequence matching algorithms used for peptide identification by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) enumerate theoretical peptides from the database, predict their fragment ions, and match them to the experimental MS/MS spectra. Here, we present an approach for scoring MS/MS identifications based on the high mass accuracy matching of precursor ions, the identification of a high intensity b1 fragment ion, and partial sequence tags from phenylthiocarbamoyl-derivatized peptides. This derivatization process boosts the b1 fragment ion signal, which turns it into a powerful feature for peptide identification. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our scoring system by implementing it on a computational tool called "HI-bone" and by identifying mass spectra of an Escherichia coli sample acquired on an Orbitrap Velos instrument using Higher-energy C-trap dissociation. Following this strategy, we identified 1614 peptide spectrum matches with a peptide false discovery rate (FDR) below 1%. These results were significantly higher than those from Mascot and SEQUEST using a similar FDR.