Pierre Massion
Faculty Member
Last active: 1/11/2018

Viral infection potentiates the increase in airway blood flow produced by substance P.

Yamawaki I, Geppetti P, Bertrand C, Chan B, Massion P, Piedimonte G, Nadel JA
J Appl Physiol (1985). 1995 79 (2): 398-404

PMID: 7592194 · DOI:10.1152/jappl.1995.79.2.398

We examined the effect of respiratory tract infection with Sendai virus on the responsiveness of airway blood flow to substance P (SP) in rats. Pathogen-free rats were inoculated with either Sendai virus suspension or sterile viral growth medium into each nostril. Five days later, we measured airway and esophageal blood flows before and immediately after injection of SP or histamine into the left ventricle of rats in both groups using a modification of the reference-sample microsphere technique. Viral infection potentiated the increase in airway blood flow evoked by SP but not by histamine. We also examined the effect of neutral endopeptidase (NEP) and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) on the SP-induced increase in airway blood flow. Both phosphoramidon (NEP inhibitor) and captopril (ACE inhibitor) potentiated the increase in airway blood flow produced by SP in pathogen-free rats. In the presence of both peptidase inhibitors, a submaximal dose of SP increased blood flow to a similar level in infected and pathogen-free rats. Thus decreased activity of both ACE and NEP may be involved in the exaggerated increase in airway blood flow evoked by SP in virus-infected rats.

MeSH Terms (18)

Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors Animals Captopril Down-Regulation Glycopeptides Histamine Male Microspheres Neprilysin Parainfluenza Virus 1, Human Paramyxoviridae Infections Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A Protease Inhibitors Rats Rats, Inbred F344 Regional Blood Flow Respiratory System Substance P

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