Schimke Immunoosseous Dysplasia (SIOD) is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder of childhood with classical features of spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia, renal failure, and T cell immunodeficiency. SIOD has been associated with several malignancies, including non-Hodgkin lymphoma and osteosarcoma. About half of SIOD patients have biallelic mutations in SMARCAL1 (SWI/SNF-related matrix-associated actin-dependent regulator of chromatin, subfamily a-like 1). This gene encodes an annealing helicase and replication stress response protein that localizes to damage-stalled DNA replication forks. We report a child with SIOD and a novel S859P missense mutation in SMARCAL1 who developed undifferentiated carcinoma of the sinus.
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