John Jeffrey Carr
Professor of Radiology, Biomedical Informatics and Cardiovascular Medicine
Last active: 1/10/2020

Analysis of advanced glycation end products in the DHS Mind Study.

Adams JN, Martelle SE, Raffield LM, Freedman BI, Langefeld CD, Hsu FC, Maldjian JA, Williamson JD, Hugenschmidt CE, Carr JJ, Cox AJ, Bowden DW
J Diabetes Complications. 2016 30 (2): 262-8

PMID: 26739237 · PMCID: PMC4761276 · DOI:10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2015.11.025

AIMS - Human studies of links between advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) and disease phenotypes are less common than studies of animal and cell models. Here, we examined the association of total AGEs with diabetes risk factors in a predominately type 2 diabetes (T2D) affected cohort.

METHODS - AGEs were measured using an enzyme linked immunosorbant assay in 816 individuals from the DHS Mind Study (n=709 T2D affected), and association analyses were completed.

RESULTS - Total AGEs were associated with estimated glomerular filtration rate (p=0.0054; β=-0.1291) and coronary artery calcification (p=0.0352; β=1.1489) in the entire cohort. No significant associations were observed when individuals with T2D were analyzed separately. In individuals without T2D, increased circulating AGEs were associated with increased BMI (p=0.02, β=0.138), low density lipoproteins (p=0.046, β=17.07) and triglycerides (p=0.0004, β=0.125), and decreased carotid artery calcification (p=0.0004, β=-1.2632) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (p=0.0018, β=-0.1405). Strong trends were also observed for an association between AGEs and poorer cognitive performance on the digit symbol substitution test (p=0.046, β=-6.64) and decreased grey matter volume (p=0.037, β=-14.87).

CONCLUSIONS - AGEs may play an important role in a number of phenotypes and diseases, although not necessarily in interindividual variation in people with T2D. Further evaluation of specific AGE molecules may shed more light on these relationships.

Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (13)

Aged Cognition Cohort Studies Coronary Artery Disease Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Diabetic Angiopathies Female Functional Neuroimaging Glycation End Products, Advanced Humans Male Middle Aged Neuropsychological Tests

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