Mechanochemical regulations of RPA's binding to ssDNA.

Chen J, Le S, Basu A, Chazin WJ, Yan J
Sci Rep. 2015 5: 9296

PMID: 25787788 · PMCID: PMC4365408 · DOI:10.1038/srep09296

Replication protein A (RPA) is a ubiquitous eukaryotic single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) binding protein that serves to protect ssDNA from degradation and annealing, and as a template for recruitment of many downstream factors in virtually all DNA transactions in cell. During many of these transactions, DNA is tethered and is likely subject to force. Previous studies of RPA's binding behavior on ssDNA were conducted in the absence of force; therefore the RPA-ssDNA conformations regulated by force remain unclear. Here, using a combination of atomic force microscopy imaging and mechanical manipulation of single ssDNA tethers, we show that force mediates a switch of the RPA bound ssDNA from amorphous aggregation to a much more regular extended conformation. Further, we found an interesting non-monotonic dependence of the binding affinity on monovalent salt concentration in the presence of force. In addition, we discovered that zinc in micromolar concentrations drives ssDNA to a unique, highly stiff and more compact state. These results provide new mechanochemical insights into the influences and the mechanisms of action of RPA on large single ssDNA.

MeSH Terms (8)

Biomechanical Phenomena DNA, Single-Stranded DNA Replication Kinetics Models, Biological Protein Binding Replication Protein A Sodium Chloride

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