Glucagon secretion and autonomic signaling during hypoglycemia in late pregnancy.

Canniff KM, Smith MS, Lacy DB, Williams PE, Moore MC
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2006 291 (3): R788-95

PMID: 16556905 · PMCID: PMC2430050 · DOI:10.1152/ajpregu.00125.2006

We examined net pancreatic norepinephrine (NE) spillover, pancreatic polypeptide (PP) release, and the decrement in C-peptide to identify factors involved in the blunted counterregulatory glucagon response in pregnancy. Conscious pregnant [pregnant hypoglycemic (Ph); 3rd trimester; n = 8] and nonpregnant [nonpregnant hypoglycemic (NPh); n = 6] dogs were studied during insulin-induced (approximately 12-fold basal insulin concentrations) hypoglycemia (plasma glucose 3.1 mM). Additional dogs were studied during hyperinsulinemic euglycemia [nonpregnant euglycemic (NPe), n = 4; pregnant euglycemic (Pe), n = 5; plasma glucose 6 mM]. Arterial glucagon concentrations declined similarly in NPe and Pe. Areas under the curve (AUCs) of the changes in glucagon and epinephrine were seven- and threefold greater in NPh than Ph (P < 0.05 between groups for both). Glucagon secretion fell below basal in NPe, Pe, and Ph but rose significantly in NPh. C-peptide declined 0.25 +/- 0.06, 0.12 +/- 0.11, 0.28 +/- 0.05, and 0.13 +/- 0.02 ng/ml in NPe, Pe, NPh, and Ph, respectively (P < 0.05, NPh vs. Ph). AUCs of NE spillover were 516 +/- 274, 265 +/- 303, 506 +/- 94, and -63 +/- 79 ng, respectively (P < 0.05, NPh vs. Ph). The AUC of PP release was approximately threefold greater in NPh than Ph (P < 0.05) but not different between euglycemic groups. The current evidence strongly suggests that the blunting of glucagon secretion during insulin-induced hypoglycemia in pregnancy is related to generalized impairment of a number of different signals, including parasympathetic and sympathoadrenal stimuli and altered sensing of circulating and/or intraislet insulin.

MeSH Terms (14)

Animals Autonomic Nervous System Blood Glucose Dogs Female Glucagon Glucose Clamp Technique Hypoglycemia Insulin Pancreas Pregnancy Progesterone Signal Transduction Time Factors

Connections (1)

This publication is referenced by other Labnodes entities:

Links