Diabetes-specific family conflict: Informant discrepancies and the impact of parental factors.

Savin KL, Hamburger ER, Monzon AD, Patel NJ, Perez KM, Lord JH, Jaser SS
J Fam Psychol. 2018 32 (1): 157-163

PMID: 29543490 · PMCID: PMC5928789 · DOI:10.1037/fam0000364

Family conflict in adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) has been linked to worse disease management (i.e., glycemic control, adherence to treatment regimen) and reduced quality of life. We sought to examine parental risk factors associated with increased levels of diabetes-specific family conflict and to investigate the discrepancies between parent and adolescent reports of conflict. Adolescents with T1D and their parents (N = 120 dyads) completed measures of diabetes-specific family conflict. Adolescents also reported on health-related quality of life, and parents reported on demographic information. Clinical data were obtained from adolescents' medical records. Adolescents reported significantly greater levels of conflict than their parents around direct diabetes management tasks (e.g., checking blood sugars) and indirect management tasks (e.g., carrying supplies for high or low blood sugars). Several demographic factors were associated with family conflict, including parental education, marital status, and household income. Discrepancies between parent and adolescent reports of family conflict were significantly associated with diabetes-related outcomes. Specifically, higher quality of life was related to discrepancies between parent and adolescent reports of conflict around indirect management tasks. In addition, poorer glycemic control was related to discrepancies between parent and adolescent reports of family conflict around direct diabetes management tasks. These results support obtaining both the adolescent and parent report of conflict for unique information regarding family functioning. (PsycINFO Database Record

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MeSH Terms (12)

Adolescent Adult Clinical Trials as Topic Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 Family Conflict Female Humans Male Parent-Child Relations Quality of Life Risk Factors Self-Management

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